University of Hertfordshire

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-732
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Early online date3 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2016


The accurate and valid assessment of body composition is essential for the
diagnostic evaluation of nutritional status, identifying relevant outcome
measures, and determining the effectiveness of current and future nutritional
interventions. Developments in technology and our understanding of
the influences of body composition on risk and outcome will provide practitioners
with new opportunities to enhance current practice and to lead
future improvements in practice. This is the second of a two-part narrative
review that aims to critically evaluate body composition methodology in
diverse adult populations, with a primary focus on its use in the assessment
and monitoring of under-nutrition. Part one focused on anthropometric
variables [Madden and Smith (2016) J Hum Nutr Diet 29: 7–25] and part
two focuses on the use of imaging techniques, bioelectrical impedance analysis,
markers of muscle strength and functional status, with particular reference
to developments relevant to practice.


This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: S, Smith & A. M. Madden (2016) ‘Body Composition and functional assessment of nutritional status in adults: a narrative review of imaging, impedance, strength and functional techniques’, Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 29 (6): 714-732, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Research outputs

ID: 10134720