University of Hertfordshire

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Captagon: Use and Trade in the Middle East

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Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2548
JournalHuman Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental
Early online date21 Oct 2016
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2017


Fenetheylline, a psychostimulant drug, often branded as Captagon, is a combination of amphetamine and theophylline. Since the cessation of its legal production in 1986, counterfeited products have been produced illicitly in south-east Europe and far-east Asia. Its profitable trade has been linked to terrorist organizations, including Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. This study aims to reach up-to-date data, concerning the Captagon e-commerce and use in the Middle East.


This is the peer-reviewed version of the following article: ‘Captagon: Use and Trade in the Middle East’, which has been published in final form at . This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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