University of Hertfordshire


  • Xiangkui Gao
  • Yanping Yuan
  • Xiaoling Cao
  • Hongwei Wu
  • Xudong Zhao
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-453
Number of pages16
JournalProcess Safety and Environment Protection
Early online date9 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


Cooling system for mine refuge chamber provides comfortable environment for miners to avoid heat damage. The existing cooling systems have their own application scopes and limitations. The coupled cooling method of Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage (LHTES) combined with Pre-cooling of Envelope (PE) is a new free cooling method which is suitable for high-temperature, passive, impact and other harsh environment. Then, to improve the thermal comfort and reduce energy consumption, the effect of the pre-cooling temperature, melting temperature of PCM, aspect ratio and amounts of PCM unit on the indoor temperature are investigated in a systematic manner. Furthermore, the system is optimized and the generalized results for the evaluation parameter are given. Analysis of the results may lead to following main conclusions: (i) the method really controls the indoor temperature and the saving amount of PCM is more than 50% compared to the traditional LHTES systems; (ii) the Temperature Control(TC) performance of PCM would drop significantly if it melts more than 80%; (iii) under current operating conditions, the optimal melting temperature is about 29 °C and the aspect ratio of PCM unit is 60:500; (iv) per 1 °C the pre-cooling temperature dropped, 19% the actual amount of PCM decreased for the case studied.


This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of the following article: Xiangkui gao, Yanping Yuan, Hongwei Wu, and Xudong Zhao, ‘Coupled Cooling Method and Application of Latent Het Thermal Energy Storage Combined with Pre-cooling of Envelope: Sensitivity Analysis and Optimization’, Process Safety and Environmental Protection, first published online 9 March 2017. Under embargo. Embargo end date: 9 March 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license The version of record is available online at doi: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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