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Design and field campaign validation of a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle and optical particle counter. / Girdwood, Joseph; Smith, Helen R.; Stanley, Warren; Ulanowski, Joseph; Stopford, Chris; Chemel, Charles; Doulgeris, Konstantinos-Matthaios; Brus, David; Campbell, David; Mackenzie, Robert.

In: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 13, No. 12, 07.12.2020, p. 6613–6630.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Girdwood, J, Smith, HR, Stanley, W, Ulanowski, J, Stopford, C, Chemel, C, Doulgeris, K-M, Brus, D, Campbell, D & Mackenzie, R 2020, 'Design and field campaign validation of a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle and optical particle counter', Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 6613–6630. https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-13-6613-2020

APA

Girdwood, J., Smith, H. R., Stanley, W., Ulanowski, J., Stopford, C., Chemel, C., Doulgeris, K-M., Brus, D., Campbell, D., & Mackenzie, R. (2020). Design and field campaign validation of a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle and optical particle counter. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 13(12), 6613–6630. https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-13-6613-2020

Vancouver

Author

Girdwood, Joseph ; Smith, Helen R. ; Stanley, Warren ; Ulanowski, Joseph ; Stopford, Chris ; Chemel, Charles ; Doulgeris, Konstantinos-Matthaios ; Brus, David ; Campbell, David ; Mackenzie, Robert. / Design and field campaign validation of a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle and optical particle counter. In: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques. 2020 ; Vol. 13, No. 12. pp. 6613–6630.

Bibtex

@article{b3801b84bcd6464bb6dff98df4ea5309,
title = "Design and field campaign validation of a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle and optical particle counter",
abstract = "Small unmanned aircraft (SUA) have the potential to be used as platforms for the measurement of atmospheric particulates. The use of an SUA platform for these measurements provides benefits such as high manoeuvrability, re-usability, and low-cost when compared with traditional techniques. However, the complex aerodynamics of an SUA (particularly for multirotor airframes), combined with the miniaturisation of particle instruments poses difficulties for accurate and representative sampling of particulates. The work presented here relies on computational fluid dynamics with Lagrangian particle tracking (CFD-LPT) simulations to influence the design of a bespoke meteorological sampling system: the UH-AeroSAM. This consists of a custom built airframe, designed to reduce sampling artefacts due to the propellers, and a purpose built open-path optical particle counter–the Ruggedised Cloud and Aerosol Sounding System (RCASS). OPC size distribution measurements from the UH-AeroSAM are compared with the Cloud and Aerosol Precipitation Spectrometer (CAPS) for measurements of Stratus cloud during the Pallas Cloud Experiment (PaCE) in 2019. Good agreement is demonstrated between the two instruments. The integrated dN/dlog(Dp) is shown to have a coefficient of determination of 0.8, and a regression slope of 0.9 when plotted 1:1.",
author = "Joseph Girdwood and Smith, {Helen R.} and Warren Stanley and Joseph Ulanowski and Chris Stopford and Charles Chemel and Konstantinos-Matthaios Doulgeris and David Brus and David Campbell and Robert Mackenzie",
note = "{\textcopyright} Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). ",
year = "2020",
month = dec,
day = "7",
doi = "10.5194/amt-13-6613-2020",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "6613–6630",
journal = "Atmospheric Measurement Techniques",
issn = "1867-1381",
publisher = "Copernicus Gesellschaft mbH",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Design and field campaign validation of a multi-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle and optical particle counter

AU - Girdwood, Joseph

AU - Smith, Helen R.

AU - Stanley, Warren

AU - Ulanowski, Joseph

AU - Stopford, Chris

AU - Chemel, Charles

AU - Doulgeris, Konstantinos-Matthaios

AU - Brus, David

AU - Campbell, David

AU - Mackenzie, Robert

N1 - © Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

PY - 2020/12/7

Y1 - 2020/12/7

N2 - Small unmanned aircraft (SUA) have the potential to be used as platforms for the measurement of atmospheric particulates. The use of an SUA platform for these measurements provides benefits such as high manoeuvrability, re-usability, and low-cost when compared with traditional techniques. However, the complex aerodynamics of an SUA (particularly for multirotor airframes), combined with the miniaturisation of particle instruments poses difficulties for accurate and representative sampling of particulates. The work presented here relies on computational fluid dynamics with Lagrangian particle tracking (CFD-LPT) simulations to influence the design of a bespoke meteorological sampling system: the UH-AeroSAM. This consists of a custom built airframe, designed to reduce sampling artefacts due to the propellers, and a purpose built open-path optical particle counter–the Ruggedised Cloud and Aerosol Sounding System (RCASS). OPC size distribution measurements from the UH-AeroSAM are compared with the Cloud and Aerosol Precipitation Spectrometer (CAPS) for measurements of Stratus cloud during the Pallas Cloud Experiment (PaCE) in 2019. Good agreement is demonstrated between the two instruments. The integrated dN/dlog(Dp) is shown to have a coefficient of determination of 0.8, and a regression slope of 0.9 when plotted 1:1.

AB - Small unmanned aircraft (SUA) have the potential to be used as platforms for the measurement of atmospheric particulates. The use of an SUA platform for these measurements provides benefits such as high manoeuvrability, re-usability, and low-cost when compared with traditional techniques. However, the complex aerodynamics of an SUA (particularly for multirotor airframes), combined with the miniaturisation of particle instruments poses difficulties for accurate and representative sampling of particulates. The work presented here relies on computational fluid dynamics with Lagrangian particle tracking (CFD-LPT) simulations to influence the design of a bespoke meteorological sampling system: the UH-AeroSAM. This consists of a custom built airframe, designed to reduce sampling artefacts due to the propellers, and a purpose built open-path optical particle counter–the Ruggedised Cloud and Aerosol Sounding System (RCASS). OPC size distribution measurements from the UH-AeroSAM are compared with the Cloud and Aerosol Precipitation Spectrometer (CAPS) for measurements of Stratus cloud during the Pallas Cloud Experiment (PaCE) in 2019. Good agreement is demonstrated between the two instruments. The integrated dN/dlog(Dp) is shown to have a coefficient of determination of 0.8, and a regression slope of 0.9 when plotted 1:1.

U2 - 10.5194/amt-13-6613-2020

DO - 10.5194/amt-13-6613-2020

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 6613

EP - 6630

JO - Atmospheric Measurement Techniques

JF - Atmospheric Measurement Techniques

SN - 1867-1381

IS - 12

ER -