University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

By the same authors

Effective handling of nonlinear distortions in CO-OFDM using affinity propagation clustering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Jinlong Wei
  • Elias Giacoumidis
  • Ji Zhou
  • Mutsam A. Jarajreh
  • Shi Li
  • Ivan Aldaya
  • Yandong Lu
  • Athanasios Tsokanos
  • Andre Richter
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15697-15707
Number of pages11
JournalOptics Express
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2022


We experimentally demonstrate a system-agnostic and training-data-free nonlinearity compensator, using affinity propagation (AP) clustering in single- and multi-channel coherent optical OFDM (CO-OFDM) for up to 3200 km transmission. We show that AP outperforms benchmark deterministic and clustering algorithms by effectively tackling stochastic nonlinear distortions and inter-channel nonlinearities. AP offers up to almost 4 dB power margin extension over linear equalization in single-channel 16-quadrature amplitude-modulated CO-OFDM and a 1.4 dB increase in Q-factor over digital back-propagation in multi-channel quaternary phase-shift keying CO-OFDM. Simulated results indicate transparency to higher modulation format orders and better efficiency when a multi-carrier structure is considered.


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