University of Hertfordshire

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2115-2124
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Pathology
Volume70
Issue9
Early online date20 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Abstract

Phoma stem canker is a damaging disease of oilseed rape (Brassica napus) that causesannual yield losses to UK oilseed rape growers worth approximately £100 million,despite the use of fungicides. In the UK, oilseed rape is sown in August/Septemberand harvested in the following July. The disease epidemics are initiated by ascosporesreleased from Leptosphaeria spp. pseudothecia (ascocarps) on stem stubble in theautumn/winter. Control of this disease is reliant on the use of cultivars with “fieldresistance” and azole fungicides. This study investigated the effects of cultivar resistanceand application of the fungicide prothioconazole on the severity of stem cankerbefore harvest and the subsequent production of pseudothecia on the infected stubbleunder natural conditions in the 2017/2018, 2018/2019, and 2019/2020 croppingseasons. The application of prothioconazole and cultivar resistance decreased theseverity of phoma stem canker before harvest, and the subsequent production ofLeptosphaeria spp. pseudothecia on stubble in terms of pseudothecial density. Resultsshowed that stems with less severe stem cankers produced fewer mature pseudotheciaof Leptosphaeria spp. on the infected stubble. This investigation suggests that themost sustainable and effective integrated control strategy for phoma stem canker inseasons with low quantities of inoculum is to use cultivars with medium or good fieldresistance and apply only one spray of prothioconazole when required.

Notes

© 2021 The Authors. Plant Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Society for Plant Pathology. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Funding Information: This research was supported by the Hertfordshire Science Partnership (supported by the Hertfordshire Local Enterprise Partnership and The European Regional Development Fund), Chadacre Agricultural Trust, Felix Thornley Cobbold Agricultural Trust, the UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC, M028348/1 and P00489X/1), the Innovate UK (102100 and 102641), AHDB Cereals & Oilseeds (RD‐2140021105), and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra, CH0104). The authors are grateful to the field technicians at ADAS Terrington (Steve Malkin, Andrew Moore, Joe Gent) and consultants Philip Walker and Tim Boor (ADAS Boxworth) for field experiment management and support. The authors are grateful to KWS for providing the seeds of all cultivars. The authors thank the technical support team at the University of Hertfordshire for their support and assistance. There is no conflict of interest to report. Funding Information: This research was supported by the Hertfordshire Science Partnership (supported by the Hertfordshire Local Enterprise Partnership and The European Regional Development Fund), Chadacre Agricultural Trust, Felix Thornley Cobbold Agricultural Trust, the UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC, M028348/1 and P00489X/1), the Innovate UK (102100 and 102641), AHDB Cereals & Oilseeds (RD-2140021105), and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra, CH0104). The authors are grateful to the field technicians at ADAS Terrington (Steve Malkin, Andrew Moore, Joe Gent) and consultants Philip Walker and Tim Boor (ADAS Boxworth) for field experiment management and support. The authors are grateful to KWS for providing the seeds of all cultivars. The authors thank the technical support team at the University of Hertfordshire for their support and assistance. There is no conflict of interest to report. Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Authors. Plant Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Society for Plant Pathology.

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