University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

By the same authors


View graph of relations
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Early online date4 Mar 2016
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2016


St. John's wort (SJW) (Hypericum perforatum) is a herbal remedy commonly used to treat mild depression. The elemental profiles of 54 samples (i.e., dry herbs, tablets and capsules) were evaluated by monitoring 25 elements using Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The major elemental constituents in the SJW samples were Ca (300-199,000 μg/g), Mg (410-3,530 μg/g), Al (4.4-900 μg/g), Fe (1.154-760 μg/g), Mn (2.4-261 μg/g), Sr (0.88-83.6 μg/g), and Zn (7-64 μg/g). For the sixteen elements that could be reliably quantified, principal component analysis (PCA) was used to investigate underlying patterns in the data. PCA models identified 7 key elements (i.e., Ba, Ca, Cd, Mg, Mo, Ni and Y), which described 85% of the variance in the dataset in the first three principal components. The PCA approach resulted in a general delineation between the three different formulations and provides a basis for monitoring product quality in this manner.


This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis following peer review. The version of record [Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis (June 2016) Vol 125 pp 15-21, first published online March 4, 2016] is available online at doi: © 2016 Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license

ID: 10026412