University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

By the same authors

Epoxy/glass syntactic foams for structural and functional application - A review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

  • S. Anirudh
  • C. G. Jayalakshmi
  • A. Anand
  • B. Kandasubramanian
  • S. O. Ismail
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Original languageEnglish
Article number111163
Pages (from-to)1-88
Number of pages88
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Early online date29 Mar 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Mar 2022


Composite materials have improved the fields of aerospace, marine and defence
by supporting the manufacturing of several structures owing to their superior properties. The specific class of composite materials known as syntactic foams have come to the forefront for structural and functional applications. Therefore, the objective of this article was to present properties, material characterization, and applications of the new class of lightweight materials especially syntactic cellular foam made from the epoxy matrix and hollow glass microspheres
(HGMs). The mechanical characterization of HGM filler–epoxy syntactic cellular foam for density, tensile properties, compressive properties, wear behaviour, fracture and impact toughness have been thoroughly reviewed along with dielectric properties. Finally, functional properties like buoyancy, acoustic, water-absorbing capability and the electromagnetic wave attenuation properties of epoxy/HGMs have been elucidated. Importantly, this succinct review stands to benefit both designers and developers/manufacturers of the aforementioned multifunctional materials for marine, electronics, aerospace and military/defence requisitions.


© 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This is the accepted manuscript version of an article which has been published in final form at

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