University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

From the same journal

By the same authors

Exploring the robustness of Keplerian signals to the removal of active and telluric features

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • 2010_11208v1

    Accepted author manuscript, 817 KB, PDF document

View graph of relations
Original languageEnglish
Article numberstaa3180
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Early online date22 Oct 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Oct 2020


We examine the influence of activity- and telluric-induced radial velocity signals on high resolution spectra taken with an iodine absorption cell. We exclude 2 Angstrom spectral chunks containing active and telluric lines based on the well characterised K1V star Alpha Centauri B and illustrate the method on Epsilon Eridani - an active K2V star with a long period low amplitude planetary signal. After removal of the activity- and telluric-sensitive parts of the spectrum from the radial velocity calculation, the significance of the planetary signal is increased and the stellar rotation signal disappears. In order to assess the robustness of the procedure, we perform Monte Carlo simulations based on removing random chunks of the spectrum. Simulations confirm that the removal of lines impacted by activity and tellurics provides a method for checking the robustness of a given Keplerian signal. We also test the approach on HD 40979 which is an active F8V star with a large amplitude planetary signal. Our Monte Carlo simulations reveal that the significance of the Keplerian signal in the F star is much more sensitive to wavelength. Unlike the K star the removal of active lines from the F star greatly reduces the radial velocity precision. In this case, our removal of a K star active lines from an F star does not a provide a simple useful diagnostic because it has far less radial velocity information and heavily relies on the strong active lines.


This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2020 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


ID: 22951893