University of Hertfordshire

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Formal-informal musical learning, sex and musicians’ personalities

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Formal-informal musical learning, sex and musicians’ personalities. / Rose, Dawn C.; Jones Bartoli, Alice; Heaton, Pamela.

In: Personality and Individual Differences, 14.07.2018.

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@article{7fd0363b666d4f348af79c321fb8080e,
title = "Formal-informal musical learning, sex and musicians{\textquoteright} personalities",
abstract = "Research has suggested that differences in personality traits among western musicians, in comparison to the general population, may be related to gender. For example, studies suggest male classical musicians are more introverted than popular musicians, though female musicians may be more extroverted than population norms. Contemporary musical learning can be formal and/or informal, and changes in music education may have impacted upon traditional gender-based stereotypes. This study investigated similarities and differences between formal/informal musical learning, gender and musicians{\textquoteright} personalities. The sample included 275 musicians (87 female, mean age 40.2 years, range 19–81, learning duration > 6 years). The participants were either self-taught (n = 74), formally taught (n = 62), or a mixture of the two (n = 139). A comparison of two brief inventories (TIPI and BFI-10) provided reliability and validity. Contrary to previous research, no gender differences were found for the trait of Extraversion. Group differences according to formal/informal learning styles were apparent. Higher levels of Conscientiousness were associated with formal music learning. Overall musicians had higher levels of Openness to Experience than population norms. Further research will be required to understand whether this is an artifact of access and provision to music education, or a systematic personality difference among musicians.",
keywords = "Conscientiousness, Creativity, Extraversion, Formal/informal musical learning, Gender, Musicians, Openness to experience, Personality",
author = "Rose, {Dawn C.} and {Jones Bartoli}, Alice and Pamela Heaton",
year = "2018",
month = jul,
day = "14",
doi = "10.1016/j.paid.2018.07.015",
language = "English",
journal = "Personality and Individual Differences",
issn = "0191-8869",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Formal-informal musical learning, sex and musicians’ personalities

AU - Rose, Dawn C.

AU - Jones Bartoli, Alice

AU - Heaton, Pamela

PY - 2018/7/14

Y1 - 2018/7/14

N2 - Research has suggested that differences in personality traits among western musicians, in comparison to the general population, may be related to gender. For example, studies suggest male classical musicians are more introverted than popular musicians, though female musicians may be more extroverted than population norms. Contemporary musical learning can be formal and/or informal, and changes in music education may have impacted upon traditional gender-based stereotypes. This study investigated similarities and differences between formal/informal musical learning, gender and musicians’ personalities. The sample included 275 musicians (87 female, mean age 40.2 years, range 19–81, learning duration > 6 years). The participants were either self-taught (n = 74), formally taught (n = 62), or a mixture of the two (n = 139). A comparison of two brief inventories (TIPI and BFI-10) provided reliability and validity. Contrary to previous research, no gender differences were found for the trait of Extraversion. Group differences according to formal/informal learning styles were apparent. Higher levels of Conscientiousness were associated with formal music learning. Overall musicians had higher levels of Openness to Experience than population norms. Further research will be required to understand whether this is an artifact of access and provision to music education, or a systematic personality difference among musicians.

AB - Research has suggested that differences in personality traits among western musicians, in comparison to the general population, may be related to gender. For example, studies suggest male classical musicians are more introverted than popular musicians, though female musicians may be more extroverted than population norms. Contemporary musical learning can be formal and/or informal, and changes in music education may have impacted upon traditional gender-based stereotypes. This study investigated similarities and differences between formal/informal musical learning, gender and musicians’ personalities. The sample included 275 musicians (87 female, mean age 40.2 years, range 19–81, learning duration > 6 years). The participants were either self-taught (n = 74), formally taught (n = 62), or a mixture of the two (n = 139). A comparison of two brief inventories (TIPI and BFI-10) provided reliability and validity. Contrary to previous research, no gender differences were found for the trait of Extraversion. Group differences according to formal/informal learning styles were apparent. Higher levels of Conscientiousness were associated with formal music learning. Overall musicians had higher levels of Openness to Experience than population norms. Further research will be required to understand whether this is an artifact of access and provision to music education, or a systematic personality difference among musicians.

KW - Conscientiousness

KW - Creativity

KW - Extraversion

KW - Formal/informal musical learning

KW - Gender

KW - Musicians

KW - Openness to experience

KW - Personality

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049784662&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.paid.2018.07.015

DO - 10.1016/j.paid.2018.07.015

M3 - Article

JO - Personality and Individual Differences

JF - Personality and Individual Differences

SN - 0191-8869

ER -