University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

By the same authors

Documents

  • 907089

    Accepted author manuscript, 111 KB, PDF document

View graph of relations
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-273
JournalJournal of Nonverbal Behavior
Volume39
Issue3
Early online date25 Feb 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015

Abstract

An interviewer’s gestures can convey misleading information and subsequently cause inaccuracies in the reporting of an event by both adults and children. We investigated the robustness of the gestural misinformation effect, examining the extent to which an interviewer’s gestures mislead children under conditions that would normally buffer them against verbal suggestibility (strength of memory trace, age, and verbal ability). Children (a younger sample aged 2–4 years, n = 30; and an older sample aged 7–9 years, n = 26) were exposed to a videotaped event and questioned immediately, having been allocated randomly to either an accurate gesture condition (gestures consistent with observed events, e.g., “What was the lady wearing?” plus a ‘hat’ gesture) or a misleading gesture condition (“What was the lady wearing?” plus a ‘gloves’ gesture). Children were susceptible to the gestural misinformation effect even when questioned immediately after witnessing the event, regardless of age and verbal ability. These findings reveal new insights into the robustness of the gestural misinformation effect in children’s eyewitness interviews.

Notes

This is an Accepted Manuscript. The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-015-0210-z.

ID: 2652423