University of Hertfordshire

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From the same journal

By the same authors

Heavy elements nucleosynthesis on accreting white dwarfs: Building seeds for the p-process

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  • staa2281

    Final published version, 5.16 MB, PDF document

  • U. Battino
  • M. Pignatari
  • C. Travaglio
  • C. Lederer-Woods
  • P. Denissenkov
  • F. Herwig
  • F. Thielemann
  • T. Rauscher
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Original languageEnglish
Article numberstaa2281
Pages (from-to)4981-4998
Number of pages18
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Early online date13 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


The origin of the proton-rich trans-iron isotopes in the Solar system is still uncertain. Single-degenerate thermonuclear supernovae (SNIa) with n-capture nucleosynthesis seeds assembled in the external layers of the progenitor's rapidly accreting white dwarf (RAWD) phase may produce these isotopes. We calculate the stellar structure of the accretion phase of five white dwarf (WD) models with initial masses ≥ 0.85 , \mathrm{M⊙ using the stellar code mesa The near-surface layers of the 1, 1.26, 1.32 and 1.38 , \mathrm{M⊙ models are most representative of the regions in which the bulk of the p nuclei are produced during SNIa explosions, and for these models we also calculate the neutron-capture nucleosynthesis in the external layers. Contrary to previous RAWD models at lower mass, we find that the H-shell flashes are the main site of n-capture nucleosynthesis. We find high neutron densities up to several 1015 cm-3 in the most massive WDs. Through the recurrence of the H-shell flashes these intermediate neutron densities can be sustained effectively for a long time leading to high-neutron exposures with a strong production up to Pb. Both the neutron density and the neutron exposure increase with increasing the mass of the accreting WD. Finally, the SNIa nucleosynthesis is calculated using the obtained abundances as seeds. We obtain solar to supersolar abundances for p-nuclei with A > 96. Our models show that SNIa are a viable p-process production site.


© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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