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How Criminal were the Irish? Bias in the detection of London currency crime, 1797-1821

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How Criminal were the Irish? Bias in the detection of London currency crime, 1797-1821. / Crymble, Adam.

In: The London Journal, Vol. 43, No. 1, 02.01.2018, p. 36-52.

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@article{0f524743dbb54746972ae024f8c585d2,
title = "How Criminal were the Irish? Bias in the detection of London currency crime, 1797-1821",
abstract = "Currency-related crime was endemic in London during the Restriction Period (1797-1821). This article looks at 884 individuals suspected or charged by the Bank of England, and considers how changes in detection strategy affected the prevalence of ethnically Irish people within that list of suspects. It rejects an anti-Irish bias, and concludes that from 1812 a reduced reliance upon shopkeepers to catch people passing off false currency, and a subsequent rise in {\textquoteleft}sting operations{\textquoteright} initiated by paid officers and local informants, resulted in a significant increase in non-Irish culprits coming under suspicion and a proportionate decline of Irish accused. This change was the result of the Bank{\textquoteright}s newfound ability to target local networks involved in the less public forms of currency crime (selling, counterfeiting, forging) for which the Irish were less well known. These findings challenge the Irish criminal reputation by highlighting the important role of detection strategies in accusations.",
keywords = "crime, ethnicity, Irish, Bank of England, discretion, onomastics",
author = "Adam Crymble",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.",
year = "2018",
month = jan,
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/03058034.2016.1270876",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "36--52",
journal = "The London Journal",
issn = "0305-8034",
publisher = "Maney Publishing",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - How Criminal were the Irish? Bias in the detection of London currency crime, 1797-1821

AU - Crymble, Adam

N1 - © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

PY - 2018/1/2

Y1 - 2018/1/2

N2 - Currency-related crime was endemic in London during the Restriction Period (1797-1821). This article looks at 884 individuals suspected or charged by the Bank of England, and considers how changes in detection strategy affected the prevalence of ethnically Irish people within that list of suspects. It rejects an anti-Irish bias, and concludes that from 1812 a reduced reliance upon shopkeepers to catch people passing off false currency, and a subsequent rise in ‘sting operations’ initiated by paid officers and local informants, resulted in a significant increase in non-Irish culprits coming under suspicion and a proportionate decline of Irish accused. This change was the result of the Bank’s newfound ability to target local networks involved in the less public forms of currency crime (selling, counterfeiting, forging) for which the Irish were less well known. These findings challenge the Irish criminal reputation by highlighting the important role of detection strategies in accusations.

AB - Currency-related crime was endemic in London during the Restriction Period (1797-1821). This article looks at 884 individuals suspected or charged by the Bank of England, and considers how changes in detection strategy affected the prevalence of ethnically Irish people within that list of suspects. It rejects an anti-Irish bias, and concludes that from 1812 a reduced reliance upon shopkeepers to catch people passing off false currency, and a subsequent rise in ‘sting operations’ initiated by paid officers and local informants, resulted in a significant increase in non-Irish culprits coming under suspicion and a proportionate decline of Irish accused. This change was the result of the Bank’s newfound ability to target local networks involved in the less public forms of currency crime (selling, counterfeiting, forging) for which the Irish were less well known. These findings challenge the Irish criminal reputation by highlighting the important role of detection strategies in accusations.

KW - crime

KW - ethnicity

KW - Irish

KW - Bank of England

KW - discretion

KW - onomastics

U2 - 10.1080/03058034.2016.1270876

DO - 10.1080/03058034.2016.1270876

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 36

EP - 52

JO - The London Journal

JF - The London Journal

SN - 0305-8034

IS - 1

ER -