University of Hertfordshire

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Hyperchaotic memristive ring neural network and application in medical image encryption

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Original languageEnglish
JournalNonlinear Dynamics
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2022

Abstract

Neural networks are favored by academia and industry because of their diversity of dynamics. However, it is dicult for ring neural networks to generate complex dynamical behaviors due to their special structure. In this paper, we present a memristive ring neural network (MRNN) with four neurons and one
non-ideal ux-controlled memristor. The memristor is used to describe the eect of external electromagnetic radiation on neurons. The chaotic dynamics of the MRNN is investigated in detail by employing phase portraits, bifurcation diagrams, Lyapunov exponents and attraction basins. Research results show that the MRNN not only can generate abundant chaotic and hyperchaotic attractors but also exhibits complex multistability dynamics. Meanwhile, an analog MRNN circuit is experimentally implemented to verify the numerical simulation results. Moreover, a medical image encryption scheme is constructed based on the MRNN from a perspective of practical engineering application. Performance evaluations demonstrate that the proposed medical image cryptosystem has several advantages in terms of keyspace, information entropy, and key sensitivity, compared with cryptosystems based on other chaotic systems. Finally, hardware experiment using the field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is carried out to verify the designed cryptosystem.

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