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Identifying the Effect of Data Breach Publicity on Information Security Awareness using Hierarchical Regression. / Chua, Hui Na; Teh, Jia Sheng; Herbland, Anthony.

In: IEEE Access, Vol. 9, 9521493, 24.08.2021, p. 121759 - 121770.

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@article{0f75c54ba7fe46a6a69a1f60612e86b0,
title = "Identifying the Effect of Data Breach Publicity on Information Security Awareness using Hierarchical Regression",
abstract = "The technological evolution has formed new challenges for organizations to safeguard their information as digital assets. Information Security Awareness (ISA) is the cognitive state where individuals comprehend information security, threats, and the capability to develop preventive strategies. Prior studies discovered that human mistakes or misbehavior is the most vulnerable link in information security due to insufficient security awareness. There were massive data breaches reported throughout the years globally. Literature shows that individuals will develop their evaluations of risks and sense of security awareness when receiving security risk information such as data breach incidents. These indications motivated us to examine the effect of an unexplored factor, that is, data breach publicity (DBR) on ISA. The purpose of this research is to discover if DBR significantly improves a model's ability to predict ISA and its magnitude in influencing ISA. A 3-stage hierarchical linear regression approach was used to build up the model with prior known influential factors to predict ISA. To the extent of our knowledge, there is no study reported to date regarding the implication of DBR on ISA. Our main findings reveal that DBR significantly explains 6.7% of ISA and achieves the highest coefficient comparing with prior known factors. Our research contributes to a novel discovery of a new factor that significantly influences ISA and its magnitude in increasing ISA. This discovery implies the need to incorporate the knowledge of data breach incidents into ISA-related educative programs or strategies to increase ISA.",
keywords = "Data breach publicity, hierarchical regression, information privacy, information security awareness",
author = "Chua, {Hui Na} and Teh, {Jia Sheng} and Anthony Herbland",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021 IEEE. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ",
year = "2021",
month = aug,
day = "24",
doi = "10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3107426",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "121759 -- 121770",
journal = "IEEE Access",
issn = "2169-3536",
publisher = "IEEE",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identifying the Effect of Data Breach Publicity on Information Security Awareness using Hierarchical Regression

AU - Chua, Hui Na

AU - Teh, Jia Sheng

AU - Herbland, Anthony

N1 - © 2021 IEEE. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

PY - 2021/8/24

Y1 - 2021/8/24

N2 - The technological evolution has formed new challenges for organizations to safeguard their information as digital assets. Information Security Awareness (ISA) is the cognitive state where individuals comprehend information security, threats, and the capability to develop preventive strategies. Prior studies discovered that human mistakes or misbehavior is the most vulnerable link in information security due to insufficient security awareness. There were massive data breaches reported throughout the years globally. Literature shows that individuals will develop their evaluations of risks and sense of security awareness when receiving security risk information such as data breach incidents. These indications motivated us to examine the effect of an unexplored factor, that is, data breach publicity (DBR) on ISA. The purpose of this research is to discover if DBR significantly improves a model's ability to predict ISA and its magnitude in influencing ISA. A 3-stage hierarchical linear regression approach was used to build up the model with prior known influential factors to predict ISA. To the extent of our knowledge, there is no study reported to date regarding the implication of DBR on ISA. Our main findings reveal that DBR significantly explains 6.7% of ISA and achieves the highest coefficient comparing with prior known factors. Our research contributes to a novel discovery of a new factor that significantly influences ISA and its magnitude in increasing ISA. This discovery implies the need to incorporate the knowledge of data breach incidents into ISA-related educative programs or strategies to increase ISA.

AB - The technological evolution has formed new challenges for organizations to safeguard their information as digital assets. Information Security Awareness (ISA) is the cognitive state where individuals comprehend information security, threats, and the capability to develop preventive strategies. Prior studies discovered that human mistakes or misbehavior is the most vulnerable link in information security due to insufficient security awareness. There were massive data breaches reported throughout the years globally. Literature shows that individuals will develop their evaluations of risks and sense of security awareness when receiving security risk information such as data breach incidents. These indications motivated us to examine the effect of an unexplored factor, that is, data breach publicity (DBR) on ISA. The purpose of this research is to discover if DBR significantly improves a model's ability to predict ISA and its magnitude in influencing ISA. A 3-stage hierarchical linear regression approach was used to build up the model with prior known influential factors to predict ISA. To the extent of our knowledge, there is no study reported to date regarding the implication of DBR on ISA. Our main findings reveal that DBR significantly explains 6.7% of ISA and achieves the highest coefficient comparing with prior known factors. Our research contributes to a novel discovery of a new factor that significantly influences ISA and its magnitude in increasing ISA. This discovery implies the need to incorporate the knowledge of data breach incidents into ISA-related educative programs or strategies to increase ISA.

KW - Data breach publicity

KW - hierarchical regression

KW - information privacy

KW - information security awareness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85113906020&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3107426

DO - 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3107426

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 121759

EP - 121770

JO - IEEE Access

JF - IEEE Access

SN - 2169-3536

M1 - 9521493

ER -