University of Hertfordshire

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Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Arts in Psychotherapy
Publication statusSubmitted - 26 Aug 2020


Culture influences all aspects of depression. In this article, the psychological characteristics of depression, its treatment, and ways of examining the effectiveness of that treatment in relation to culture are addressed. First, the connection between depression and Taiwanese culture are examined. Second, the cultural aspects of depression and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) is discussed, followed by a presentation of The BodyMind Approach (TBMA) as a learning methodology for women in Taiwan with MUS and depression in terms of the cultural appropriateness. An examination of the effectiveness of TBMA using repertory grid techniques is then presented, followed by a case study. The results of the study show that TBMA is more effective for reducing the distress of MUS than that of depression. Additionally, its effectiveness for the rigid perception of social roles cannot be strongly asserted. Nevertheless, the client in the case study showed significant improvement after the intervention. The concept of health preservation generated by the client is discussed in relation to TBMA and its future as a treatment for MUS in Chinese culture.

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