University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

By the same authors

Improving adolescent contraceptive use: Evaluation of a theory-driven classroom-based intervention

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Standard

Improving adolescent contraceptive use : Evaluation of a theory-driven classroom-based intervention. / Brown, Katherine E.; Hurst, Keith M.; Arden, Madelynne A.

In: Psychology, Health and Medicine, Vol. 16, No. 2, 09.06.2011, p. 141-155.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{5ecbd48714514c0b8b8d851604b84860,
title = "Improving adolescent contraceptive use: Evaluation of a theory-driven classroom-based intervention",
abstract = "The aim of the research was to evaluate the impact of intervention materials, designed to enhance self-efficacy and anticipated regret, on contraceptive behaviour and antecedents of contraceptive use in a sample of adolescents. It was hypothesised that materials designed to enhance self-efficacy and anticipated regret would lead to improvements in outcome measures compared with controls. A 4(intervention condition) × 3(time) mixed design was used to assess the impact of intervention materials. Participants (N = 414) were recruited from five secondary schools in the north of England. They were assigned to an active control group, an anticipated regret (AR) manipulation, a self-efficacy (SE) manipulation or both AR and SE manipulations. Outcome measures included psychological antecedents of contraceptive behaviour change, intentions and behaviour. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) revealed increases across several outcome measures over time (F[14,287]=8.99, P < 0.001, ηp2=0.305) including intentions, but these did not differ by condition (F[42,852]=1.35, P = 0.07, ηp2=0.062). There was evidence that the questionnaires may have caused reactivity in participants. Amongst sexually active participants with relatively low levels of intention to use contraception at the outset, increases in several outcome measures including intention and behaviour were observed (F[3,35]=10.359, P < 0.001, ηp 2=0.47). Findings support the potential for effective delivery of behaviour change theory-driven interventions in classroom settings. The possibility that the questionnaires may have acted as a form of intervention contributes to recent discussion of this issue in the literature, and the findings also strengthen the case for post-decisional and behavioural skills interventions to enhance behaviour amongst those already motivated to use contraception.",
keywords = "adolescents, contraceptive, evaluation, intervention, sex education",
author = "Brown, {Katherine E.} and Hurst, {Keith M.} and Arden, {Madelynne A.}",
year = "2011",
month = jun,
day = "9",
doi = "10.1080/13548506.2010.525791",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "141--155",
journal = "Psychology, Health and Medicine",
issn = "1354-8506",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improving adolescent contraceptive use

T2 - Evaluation of a theory-driven classroom-based intervention

AU - Brown, Katherine E.

AU - Hurst, Keith M.

AU - Arden, Madelynne A.

PY - 2011/6/9

Y1 - 2011/6/9

N2 - The aim of the research was to evaluate the impact of intervention materials, designed to enhance self-efficacy and anticipated regret, on contraceptive behaviour and antecedents of contraceptive use in a sample of adolescents. It was hypothesised that materials designed to enhance self-efficacy and anticipated regret would lead to improvements in outcome measures compared with controls. A 4(intervention condition) × 3(time) mixed design was used to assess the impact of intervention materials. Participants (N = 414) were recruited from five secondary schools in the north of England. They were assigned to an active control group, an anticipated regret (AR) manipulation, a self-efficacy (SE) manipulation or both AR and SE manipulations. Outcome measures included psychological antecedents of contraceptive behaviour change, intentions and behaviour. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) revealed increases across several outcome measures over time (F[14,287]=8.99, P < 0.001, ηp2=0.305) including intentions, but these did not differ by condition (F[42,852]=1.35, P = 0.07, ηp2=0.062). There was evidence that the questionnaires may have caused reactivity in participants. Amongst sexually active participants with relatively low levels of intention to use contraception at the outset, increases in several outcome measures including intention and behaviour were observed (F[3,35]=10.359, P < 0.001, ηp 2=0.47). Findings support the potential for effective delivery of behaviour change theory-driven interventions in classroom settings. The possibility that the questionnaires may have acted as a form of intervention contributes to recent discussion of this issue in the literature, and the findings also strengthen the case for post-decisional and behavioural skills interventions to enhance behaviour amongst those already motivated to use contraception.

AB - The aim of the research was to evaluate the impact of intervention materials, designed to enhance self-efficacy and anticipated regret, on contraceptive behaviour and antecedents of contraceptive use in a sample of adolescents. It was hypothesised that materials designed to enhance self-efficacy and anticipated regret would lead to improvements in outcome measures compared with controls. A 4(intervention condition) × 3(time) mixed design was used to assess the impact of intervention materials. Participants (N = 414) were recruited from five secondary schools in the north of England. They were assigned to an active control group, an anticipated regret (AR) manipulation, a self-efficacy (SE) manipulation or both AR and SE manipulations. Outcome measures included psychological antecedents of contraceptive behaviour change, intentions and behaviour. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) revealed increases across several outcome measures over time (F[14,287]=8.99, P < 0.001, ηp2=0.305) including intentions, but these did not differ by condition (F[42,852]=1.35, P = 0.07, ηp2=0.062). There was evidence that the questionnaires may have caused reactivity in participants. Amongst sexually active participants with relatively low levels of intention to use contraception at the outset, increases in several outcome measures including intention and behaviour were observed (F[3,35]=10.359, P < 0.001, ηp 2=0.47). Findings support the potential for effective delivery of behaviour change theory-driven interventions in classroom settings. The possibility that the questionnaires may have acted as a form of intervention contributes to recent discussion of this issue in the literature, and the findings also strengthen the case for post-decisional and behavioural skills interventions to enhance behaviour amongst those already motivated to use contraception.

KW - adolescents

KW - contraceptive

KW - evaluation

KW - intervention

KW - sex education

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79951793680&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/13548506.2010.525791

DO - 10.1080/13548506.2010.525791

M3 - Article

C2 - 21328143

AN - SCOPUS:79951793680

VL - 16

SP - 141

EP - 155

JO - Psychology, Health and Medicine

JF - Psychology, Health and Medicine

SN - 1354-8506

IS - 2

ER -