University of Hertfordshire

By the same authors

Inchoate offences in Cyberspace – a moveable feast or the end of harm?

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)



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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProcs 9th Int Conf on Law
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event9th Int Conf on Law - Athens, Greece
Duration: 16 Jul 201219 Jul 2012

Publication series

NameATINER's Conference Paper Series
NumberLAW 2012-0362
ISSN (Print)2241-2891


Conference9th Int Conf on Law


This paper is intended to draw attention to the number of criminal offences – in English law specifically, but also more generally – that can now be committed without harm or the risk of harm to putative ‘victims’. It will be argued that traditional inchoate offences have been expanded into what may be termed ‘super-inchoates’ by reference to the expanded distance between perpetrator and the intended harm via the internet. As the very idea of cyberspace challenges the perceptions of proximity which have been the ideology behind the traditional inchoate offence, this paper will begin to ask whether the expansion of the criminal law in this way is ultimately a symptom of overcontrol by the State driven by a culture of fear in the post-modern society, and whether we are ultimately any safer as a result.


Reproduction of the paper is allowed for non-commercial purposes if the source is fully acknowledged

Research outputs

ID: 1208090