University of Hertfordshire

By the same authors

Intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing large African herbivore movements

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • 907305

    Accepted author manuscript, 347 KB, PDF document

  • Jan A. Venter
  • Herbert H.T. Prins
  • Alla Mashanova
  • Willem F. de Boer
  • Rob Slotow
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-262
Number of pages6
JournalEcological Informatics
Early online date15 Jun 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015


Understanding environmental as well as anthropogenic factors that influence large herbivore ecological patterns and processes should underpin their conservation and management. We assessed the influence of intrinsic, extrinsic environmental and extrinsic anthropogenic factors on movement behaviour of eight African large herbivore species. A cumulative odds ordinal logistic regression was used to determine the effect of season, feeding niche, number of vegetation types, home range size, and fences on the number of exponential distributions observed. When animals faced the trade-off between forage quality and quantity during the dry season, they moved further between forage areas and water sources in order to get to better forage, which added to the number of movement scales observed. Elephants had a lower number of movement scales, compared to all the other feeding types, which could be attributed to them being able to switch between browse and graze. The number of movement scales increased in more heterogeneous areas. Animals with larger home ranges, which are also larger species, and animals more restricted by fences, had fewer movement scales. In order for managers to effectively manage protected areas and associated biodiversity they need take cognisance of the different scales animals operate under, and the different factors that may be important for different species.


This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of the following article: Jan A. Venter, Herbert H. T. Prins, Alla Mashanova, Willem F. de Boer, and Rob Slotow, 'Intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing large African herbivore movements', Ecological Informatics, Vol. 30: 257-262, November 2015, doi: This manuscript version is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

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