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Is urbanization a risk factor for substance misuse?

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Is urbanization a risk factor for substance misuse? / Schifano, Fabrizio.

In: Current Opinion in Psychiatry, Vol. 21, No. 4, 07.2008, p. 391-397.

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@article{ac0ad7c8cc0f47dbbdf3ea98f3c71ac5,
title = "Is urbanization a risk factor for substance misuse?",
abstract = "Purpose of review: More than half of the world's population is living in urban areas, but the evidence about urban-rural differences in drug use is not clearly defined. The present paper aims to review the international literature addressing the role of urbanization and related parameters in association with substance misuse. In particular, the evidence of urbanization being a risk factor for substance misuse is examined. Recent findings: Although it has been suggested that substance misuse is typically a characteristic of large urban areas, this did not appear to be a consistent observation from the literature review. Furthermore, the urban context may offer a relative proximity of health services and prompter emergency intervention in case of overdose. Summary: Although more efforts have to be put into explaining substance misuse in general, identifying which characteristics of the urban context are modifiable, and under what circumstances, is an important theoretical, empirical, and public health question.",
keywords = "drug addiction, drug misuse, homelessness, substance misuse, urban density, urbanization",
author = "Fabrizio Schifano",
note = "Original article can be found at: http://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com/ Copyright Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
year = "2008",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1097/YCO.0b013e328303e2b7",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "391--397",
journal = "Current Opinion in Psychiatry",
issn = "0951-7367",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is urbanization a risk factor for substance misuse?

AU - Schifano, Fabrizio

N1 - Original article can be found at: http://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com/ Copyright Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

PY - 2008/7

Y1 - 2008/7

N2 - Purpose of review: More than half of the world's population is living in urban areas, but the evidence about urban-rural differences in drug use is not clearly defined. The present paper aims to review the international literature addressing the role of urbanization and related parameters in association with substance misuse. In particular, the evidence of urbanization being a risk factor for substance misuse is examined. Recent findings: Although it has been suggested that substance misuse is typically a characteristic of large urban areas, this did not appear to be a consistent observation from the literature review. Furthermore, the urban context may offer a relative proximity of health services and prompter emergency intervention in case of overdose. Summary: Although more efforts have to be put into explaining substance misuse in general, identifying which characteristics of the urban context are modifiable, and under what circumstances, is an important theoretical, empirical, and public health question.

AB - Purpose of review: More than half of the world's population is living in urban areas, but the evidence about urban-rural differences in drug use is not clearly defined. The present paper aims to review the international literature addressing the role of urbanization and related parameters in association with substance misuse. In particular, the evidence of urbanization being a risk factor for substance misuse is examined. Recent findings: Although it has been suggested that substance misuse is typically a characteristic of large urban areas, this did not appear to be a consistent observation from the literature review. Furthermore, the urban context may offer a relative proximity of health services and prompter emergency intervention in case of overdose. Summary: Although more efforts have to be put into explaining substance misuse in general, identifying which characteristics of the urban context are modifiable, and under what circumstances, is an important theoretical, empirical, and public health question.

KW - drug addiction

KW - drug misuse

KW - homelessness

KW - substance misuse

KW - urban density

KW - urbanization

U2 - 10.1097/YCO.0b013e328303e2b7

DO - 10.1097/YCO.0b013e328303e2b7

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 391

EP - 397

JO - Current Opinion in Psychiatry

JF - Current Opinion in Psychiatry

SN - 0951-7367

IS - 4

ER -