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Knowledge and Use of Novel Psychoactive Substances in Italy: a Survey-Based Study in the General Population. / Zangani, Caroline; Ostinelli, Edoardo Giuseppe; Giordano, Barbara; D’Agostino, Armando; Martinotti, Giovanni; Clerici, Massimo; Gambini, Orsola; Schifano, Fabrizio.

In: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 08.11.2021.

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Zangani, Caroline ; Ostinelli, Edoardo Giuseppe ; Giordano, Barbara ; D’Agostino, Armando ; Martinotti, Giovanni ; Clerici, Massimo ; Gambini, Orsola ; Schifano, Fabrizio. / Knowledge and Use of Novel Psychoactive Substances in Italy: a Survey-Based Study in the General Population. In: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. 2021.

Bibtex

@article{b2f1913340eb4753aab3d0f4da1a3689,
title = "Knowledge and Use of Novel Psychoactive Substances in Italy: a Survey-Based Study in the General Population",
abstract = "In this study, we aimed to identify the current trend of novel psychoactive substance (NPS) consumption in Italy and the level of knowledge about NPS in the general population and to explore the presence of risk factors for a lifetime NPS misuse. We conducted an anonymous online survey, administered to a large sample of people of any age living in Italy, asking for their knowledge about NPS as well as their history of drug use. Descriptive statistics were reported, and regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors for lifetime use of NPS. A total of 1097 individuals gave a valid response to the survey. A lifetime use of NPS was reported by 13.5%. Multivariate regression analysis showed that male gender (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.52–3.55), homosexual sexual orientation (OR 2.52, 95% CI 1.21–5.27), a use of emergency services due to alcohol (OR 3.38, 95% CI 2.23–5.12) and previous contact with mental health services (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.04–2.41) were risk factors for a lifetime use of NPS (p < 0.05). An improvement of preventive strategies and simplified access to information on NPS, especially tailored to individuals at increased risk of misuse, could slow diffusion of NPS and avert the consequences of substance use.",
keywords = "Legal highs, Novel psychoactive substances, NPS, Substance abuse, Survey",
author = "Caroline Zangani and Ostinelli, {Edoardo Giuseppe} and Barbara Giordano and Armando D{\textquoteright}Agostino and Giovanni Martinotti and Massimo Clerici and Orsola Gambini and Fabrizio Schifano",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. This is the accepted manuscript version of an article which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-021-00683-z",
year = "2021",
month = nov,
day = "8",
doi = "10.1007/s11469-021-00683-z",
language = "English",
journal = "International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction",
issn = "1557-1874",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Knowledge and Use of Novel Psychoactive Substances in Italy: a Survey-Based Study in the General Population

AU - Zangani, Caroline

AU - Ostinelli, Edoardo Giuseppe

AU - Giordano, Barbara

AU - D’Agostino, Armando

AU - Martinotti, Giovanni

AU - Clerici, Massimo

AU - Gambini, Orsola

AU - Schifano, Fabrizio

N1 - © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. This is the accepted manuscript version of an article which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-021-00683-z

PY - 2021/11/8

Y1 - 2021/11/8

N2 - In this study, we aimed to identify the current trend of novel psychoactive substance (NPS) consumption in Italy and the level of knowledge about NPS in the general population and to explore the presence of risk factors for a lifetime NPS misuse. We conducted an anonymous online survey, administered to a large sample of people of any age living in Italy, asking for their knowledge about NPS as well as their history of drug use. Descriptive statistics were reported, and regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors for lifetime use of NPS. A total of 1097 individuals gave a valid response to the survey. A lifetime use of NPS was reported by 13.5%. Multivariate regression analysis showed that male gender (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.52–3.55), homosexual sexual orientation (OR 2.52, 95% CI 1.21–5.27), a use of emergency services due to alcohol (OR 3.38, 95% CI 2.23–5.12) and previous contact with mental health services (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.04–2.41) were risk factors for a lifetime use of NPS (p < 0.05). An improvement of preventive strategies and simplified access to information on NPS, especially tailored to individuals at increased risk of misuse, could slow diffusion of NPS and avert the consequences of substance use.

AB - In this study, we aimed to identify the current trend of novel psychoactive substance (NPS) consumption in Italy and the level of knowledge about NPS in the general population and to explore the presence of risk factors for a lifetime NPS misuse. We conducted an anonymous online survey, administered to a large sample of people of any age living in Italy, asking for their knowledge about NPS as well as their history of drug use. Descriptive statistics were reported, and regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors for lifetime use of NPS. A total of 1097 individuals gave a valid response to the survey. A lifetime use of NPS was reported by 13.5%. Multivariate regression analysis showed that male gender (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.52–3.55), homosexual sexual orientation (OR 2.52, 95% CI 1.21–5.27), a use of emergency services due to alcohol (OR 3.38, 95% CI 2.23–5.12) and previous contact with mental health services (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.04–2.41) were risk factors for a lifetime use of NPS (p < 0.05). An improvement of preventive strategies and simplified access to information on NPS, especially tailored to individuals at increased risk of misuse, could slow diffusion of NPS and avert the consequences of substance use.

KW - Legal highs

KW - Novel psychoactive substances

KW - NPS

KW - Substance abuse

KW - Survey

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85118637270&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11469-021-00683-z

DO - 10.1007/s11469-021-00683-z

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85118637270

JO - International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

JF - International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

SN - 1557-1874

ER -