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La Garden City, une référence pour le requalification de la ville diffuse

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La Garden City, une référence pour le requalification de la ville diffuse. / Parham, Susan; Sadoux, Stéphane ; Novarina, Gilles; Artis, Amélie; Ames, David.

In: Inégalités Urbaines; Du Project Utopique au Dévelopment Durable, 2017, p. 195-212.

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@article{67ec512c973b4da8a22ab4d35e6fd5a1,
title = "La Garden City, une r{\'e}f{\'e}rence pour le requalification de la ville diffuse",
abstract = "Conceived at the end of the 19th century by Ebenezer Howard and implemented in Letchworth then Welwyn, the garden cities model is based on the desire to offer quality housing to the working classes. Since then, this model has been used throughout the world and adapted to local institutional contexts. The garden city concept was recently promoted by David Cameron's government to deal with Britain's housing crisis that had been worsening for several decades. This news renewed interest in the garden city as an economic, social and political alternative to the current model of the manufacture of the city. By mobilizing collective governance, non-speculative management of land and experimental urban forms, the new garden city is an object of study in its own right. The originality of our communication is to propose cross-disciplinary views between several disciplines of the social sciences (history, urbanism, economy) on the model of the garden city and to build this reflection between researchers and professionals. The hypothesis is that this model incorporates principles that invite renewal of territorial action. First, history shows us the durability and adaptability of the model. Moreover, the rules of operation, management of land resources and collective action anchor garden cities as Commons in the sense of Ostrom (1990). The model of management of the garden city by the community of inhabitants is thus a form of local welfare state (Hardy, 2010). Finally, the model of the garden city seems to us to offer relevant elements for the construction of a project of restructuring of the citt{\`a} diffusa in different European countries as it allows an urbanism answer to issues particularly related to the consumption of agricultural land, to mobility, the cost of housing and to living together.",
keywords = "garden cities, urbanism, development model",
author = "Susan Parham and St{\'e}phane Sadoux and Gilles Novarina and Am{\'e}lie Artis and David Ames",
year = "2017",
language = "French",
pages = "195--212",
journal = "In{\'e}galit{\'e}s Urbaines; Du Project Utopique au D{\'e}velopment Durable",
note = "null ; Conference date: 27-09-2017 Through 27-09-2017",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - La Garden City, une référence pour le requalification de la ville diffuse

AU - Parham, Susan

AU - Sadoux, Stéphane

AU - Novarina, Gilles

AU - Artis, Amélie

AU - Ames, David

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Conceived at the end of the 19th century by Ebenezer Howard and implemented in Letchworth then Welwyn, the garden cities model is based on the desire to offer quality housing to the working classes. Since then, this model has been used throughout the world and adapted to local institutional contexts. The garden city concept was recently promoted by David Cameron's government to deal with Britain's housing crisis that had been worsening for several decades. This news renewed interest in the garden city as an economic, social and political alternative to the current model of the manufacture of the city. By mobilizing collective governance, non-speculative management of land and experimental urban forms, the new garden city is an object of study in its own right. The originality of our communication is to propose cross-disciplinary views between several disciplines of the social sciences (history, urbanism, economy) on the model of the garden city and to build this reflection between researchers and professionals. The hypothesis is that this model incorporates principles that invite renewal of territorial action. First, history shows us the durability and adaptability of the model. Moreover, the rules of operation, management of land resources and collective action anchor garden cities as Commons in the sense of Ostrom (1990). The model of management of the garden city by the community of inhabitants is thus a form of local welfare state (Hardy, 2010). Finally, the model of the garden city seems to us to offer relevant elements for the construction of a project of restructuring of the città diffusa in different European countries as it allows an urbanism answer to issues particularly related to the consumption of agricultural land, to mobility, the cost of housing and to living together.

AB - Conceived at the end of the 19th century by Ebenezer Howard and implemented in Letchworth then Welwyn, the garden cities model is based on the desire to offer quality housing to the working classes. Since then, this model has been used throughout the world and adapted to local institutional contexts. The garden city concept was recently promoted by David Cameron's government to deal with Britain's housing crisis that had been worsening for several decades. This news renewed interest in the garden city as an economic, social and political alternative to the current model of the manufacture of the city. By mobilizing collective governance, non-speculative management of land and experimental urban forms, the new garden city is an object of study in its own right. The originality of our communication is to propose cross-disciplinary views between several disciplines of the social sciences (history, urbanism, economy) on the model of the garden city and to build this reflection between researchers and professionals. The hypothesis is that this model incorporates principles that invite renewal of territorial action. First, history shows us the durability and adaptability of the model. Moreover, the rules of operation, management of land resources and collective action anchor garden cities as Commons in the sense of Ostrom (1990). The model of management of the garden city by the community of inhabitants is thus a form of local welfare state (Hardy, 2010). Finally, the model of the garden city seems to us to offer relevant elements for the construction of a project of restructuring of the città diffusa in different European countries as it allows an urbanism answer to issues particularly related to the consumption of agricultural land, to mobility, the cost of housing and to living together.

KW - garden cities

KW - urbanism

KW - development model

M3 - Article

SP - 195

EP - 212

JO - Inégalités Urbaines; Du Project Utopique au Dévelopment Durable

JF - Inégalités Urbaines; Du Project Utopique au Dévelopment Durable

M1 - 9

Y2 - 27 September 2017 through 27 September 2017

ER -