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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-439
Number of pages8
JournalMalaria Journal
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2016

Abstract

The population genetic makeup of the 13th generation of a laboratory colony of Anopheles arabiensis mosquitos at 11 microsatellite loci was compared to that of the field population from which the colony was founded. Major changes which include significant reductions in the total number of alleles, the numbers of rare and private alleles, and the fractions of heterozygote individuals at all the loci were observed. The pattern of change is consistent with the expected effect of the use of a small number of mosquitos when the colony was established. Random genetic drift during the 13 generations of laboratory propagation could have contributed but the size of the colony population in successive generations was large enough to minimize this. The colony samples were at Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium at all the autosomal loci; the field population showed significant homozygote excess in three of them, as did the two X-linked loci in both populations. We attribute the homozygote excess to null-alleles. The Sterile Insect Techniques (SIT) program of mosquito control that is underway in Northern Sudan uses sterilized males produced from the colony population we studied. We discuss the potential fitness consequences of the loss of genetic diversity in the colony population and recommend their systematic investigation because they have direct and significant impact on the ultimate success of the SIT program.

Notes

© 2016 The Author(s). This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/ publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

ID: 9983638