University of Hertfordshire

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Malaysian nurses' evaluation of transnational higher education courses

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  • Nirmala Arunasalam
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Original languageEnglish
Article number3
Pages (from-to)337-340
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Nursing
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2016


The internationalisation of higher education has led some UK and Australian universities to deliver transnational higher education (TNHE) post-registration top-up nursing degree courses in Malaysia. These are bridging courses that allow registered nurses to upgrade their diploma qualifications to degree level. What is not sufficiently explored in the literature is nurses’ evaluation of these courses and the impact of TNHE qualifications. A hermeneutic phenomenology approach was used to explore the views of 18 Malaysian nurses from one Australian and two UK TNHE universities. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to enable the Malaysian nurses to evaluate the courses. Data were analysed by thematic analysis. Findings showed a gap between Malaysian and Western teaching and learning outlook, professional values and clinical practices. The data give important insights at a time when the aim of Malaysia’s investment in TNHE courses is to attain a graduate workforce with changed mind-sets and enhanced patient care.


Nirmala Arunasalam, "Malaysian nurses’ evaluation of transnational higher education courses", British Journal of Nursing, Vol. 25 (6): 337-340, March 2016, DOI:

ID: 11204656