University of Hertfordshire

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-9
Number of pages10
JournalHemodialysis international. International Symposium on Home Hemodialysis
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2012


Sleep disorders are common in hemodialysis patients, although causes and consequences remain unclear. We sought to establish prevalence, determinants, and outcomes of sleep disturbances in patients receiving incremental dialysis. One hundred two unselected patients undergoing incremental high-flux hemodialysis or hemodiafiltration underwent limited overnight sleep study. Large subsets underwent echocardiography, interdialytic ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, and brain natriuretic peptide measurements. Patients were followed up to 44 months. Full sleep data were obtained in 91 patients. All had sleep disturbance as evidenced by an apnea-hypopnea index >5/min. We defined major obstructive sleep apnea (MOSA) as an apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 15, together with either significant oxygen desaturation or symptoms of daytime sleepiness. Forty patients met these criteria. Significant independent predictors of MOSA were age <65 years, male gender, has diabetes, and has a brain natriuretic peptide >2500 pg/mL. Mean ambulatory blood pressure and left ventricular mass index were significantly higher in these patients. In a model controlling for body mass index, high C-reactive protein, and the presence of cancer, MOSA was associated with a twofold increased risk of mortality, although this did not reach statistical significance. MOSA was common, and was associated with hypertension and high left ventricular mass index. Whether obstructive sleep apnea contributes to the high mortality remains to be firmly established.

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