University of Hertfordshire

Phase Change Convective Heat Transfer in High Porosity Cellular Metal Foams (Chapter 9)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

  • Yuan Tian
  • C.Y. Zhao
  • Q. Wang
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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFocus on Porous Media Research
Place of PublicationNew York, USA
PublisherNova Science Publishers
Number of pages27
ISBN (Print)9781626186682, 1626186685
Publication statusPublished - 2013


This Chapter discusses phase change convective heat transfer of high porosity cellular metal foams and their practical applications in thermal energy storage (TES). The following theoretical aspects are covered: volume-averaging method, Brinkman-Forchheimer porous flow model, two-equation non-thermal equilibrium heat transfer model, enthalpy method, and phase field method. Based on these models, metal foams have been investigated in two applications: metal foam-embedded phase change materials (PCMs), and metal foam-enhanced cascaded TES. The results indicate that metal foams can improve heat and exergy transfer rates in these applications by factors between 2 and 10.

ID: 2000761