University of Hertfordshire

Physical Activity and Exercise Addiction During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Italy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Physical Activity and Exercise Addiction During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Italy. / Ceci, Franca; Di Carlo, Francesco; Burkauskas, Julius; Salone, Anatolia; De Luca, Ilaria; Cicconcelli, Dorotea; Giorgetti, Valentina; La Fratta, Irene; Todaro, Antonino; Simonato, Pierluigi; Martinotti, Giovanni; di Giannantonio, Massimo; Corazza, Ornella.

In: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 20.04.2022.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Ceci, F, Di Carlo, F, Burkauskas, J, Salone, A, De Luca, I, Cicconcelli, D, Giorgetti, V, La Fratta, I, Todaro, A, Simonato, P, Martinotti, G, di Giannantonio, M & Corazza, O 2022, 'Physical Activity and Exercise Addiction During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Italy', International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-022-00815-z

APA

Ceci, F., Di Carlo, F., Burkauskas, J., Salone, A., De Luca, I., Cicconcelli, D., Giorgetti, V., La Fratta, I., Todaro, A., Simonato, P., Martinotti, G., di Giannantonio, M., & Corazza, O. (2022). Physical Activity and Exercise Addiction During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Italy. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-022-00815-z

Vancouver

Author

Ceci, Franca ; Di Carlo, Francesco ; Burkauskas, Julius ; Salone, Anatolia ; De Luca, Ilaria ; Cicconcelli, Dorotea ; Giorgetti, Valentina ; La Fratta, Irene ; Todaro, Antonino ; Simonato, Pierluigi ; Martinotti, Giovanni ; di Giannantonio, Massimo ; Corazza, Ornella. / Physical Activity and Exercise Addiction During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Italy. In: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. 2022.

Bibtex

@article{50905a90427044bc85faeeee31c663b5,
title = "Physical Activity and Exercise Addiction During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Italy",
abstract = "Severe restrictive measures were implemented globally to limit the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic leading to significant lifestyle changes and impacting on both the physical and the mental health of citizens. Caught by the fear of getting sick, some individuals have adopted behaviors which favored the development of exercise addiction (EA). Our aim was to evaluate physical activity habits and the risk of EA in the general Italian population during phase 1 of the lockdown. The role of appearance anxiety (AA), self-compassion, and use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) as predictors of EA development were investigated. A comparison between physically active subjects with the inactive ones was also included. Between April and May 2020, an online survey was conducted across Italy. Nine hundred thirty-six answers were collected. The rate of EA in the physically active sample (782 subjects) was 4.1%. The physically active group showed higher SCS scores and a greater use of PIEDs. Of the physically active participants, 84.2% reported variations in their fitness routine. Perceived benefit of exercising resulted significantly higher in those with EA. Subjects with EA reported stronger motivation in engaging in physical activity as for “physical wellness,” “psychological well-being,” and “sexual attractiveness and confidence in relationship.” A higher level of AA, a lower level of self-compassion, and a higher perceived benefit of exercising during lockdown were all significant predictors for the presence of EA. Our findings suggest that the fear of getting sick from Covid-19, combined with radical changes in the lifestyles induced by the lockdown and individual personological characteristics, can favor the development of EA and related phenomena in the general population.",
keywords = "Appearance anxiety, Covid-19, Exercise addiction, Performance and image enhancing drugs, Self-compassion",
author = "Franca Ceci and {Di Carlo}, Francesco and Julius Burkauskas and Anatolia Salone and {De Luca}, Ilaria and Dorotea Cicconcelli and Valentina Giorgetti and {La Fratta}, Irene and Antonino Todaro and Pierluigi Simonato and Giovanni Martinotti and {di Giannantonio}, Massimo and Ornella Corazza",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2022, The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, to view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.",
year = "2022",
month = apr,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1007/s11469-022-00815-z",
language = "English",
journal = "International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction",
issn = "1557-1874",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical Activity and Exercise Addiction During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Italy

AU - Ceci, Franca

AU - Di Carlo, Francesco

AU - Burkauskas, Julius

AU - Salone, Anatolia

AU - De Luca, Ilaria

AU - Cicconcelli, Dorotea

AU - Giorgetti, Valentina

AU - La Fratta, Irene

AU - Todaro, Antonino

AU - Simonato, Pierluigi

AU - Martinotti, Giovanni

AU - di Giannantonio, Massimo

AU - Corazza, Ornella

N1 - © 2022, The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, to view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

PY - 2022/4/20

Y1 - 2022/4/20

N2 - Severe restrictive measures were implemented globally to limit the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic leading to significant lifestyle changes and impacting on both the physical and the mental health of citizens. Caught by the fear of getting sick, some individuals have adopted behaviors which favored the development of exercise addiction (EA). Our aim was to evaluate physical activity habits and the risk of EA in the general Italian population during phase 1 of the lockdown. The role of appearance anxiety (AA), self-compassion, and use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) as predictors of EA development were investigated. A comparison between physically active subjects with the inactive ones was also included. Between April and May 2020, an online survey was conducted across Italy. Nine hundred thirty-six answers were collected. The rate of EA in the physically active sample (782 subjects) was 4.1%. The physically active group showed higher SCS scores and a greater use of PIEDs. Of the physically active participants, 84.2% reported variations in their fitness routine. Perceived benefit of exercising resulted significantly higher in those with EA. Subjects with EA reported stronger motivation in engaging in physical activity as for “physical wellness,” “psychological well-being,” and “sexual attractiveness and confidence in relationship.” A higher level of AA, a lower level of self-compassion, and a higher perceived benefit of exercising during lockdown were all significant predictors for the presence of EA. Our findings suggest that the fear of getting sick from Covid-19, combined with radical changes in the lifestyles induced by the lockdown and individual personological characteristics, can favor the development of EA and related phenomena in the general population.

AB - Severe restrictive measures were implemented globally to limit the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic leading to significant lifestyle changes and impacting on both the physical and the mental health of citizens. Caught by the fear of getting sick, some individuals have adopted behaviors which favored the development of exercise addiction (EA). Our aim was to evaluate physical activity habits and the risk of EA in the general Italian population during phase 1 of the lockdown. The role of appearance anxiety (AA), self-compassion, and use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) as predictors of EA development were investigated. A comparison between physically active subjects with the inactive ones was also included. Between April and May 2020, an online survey was conducted across Italy. Nine hundred thirty-six answers were collected. The rate of EA in the physically active sample (782 subjects) was 4.1%. The physically active group showed higher SCS scores and a greater use of PIEDs. Of the physically active participants, 84.2% reported variations in their fitness routine. Perceived benefit of exercising resulted significantly higher in those with EA. Subjects with EA reported stronger motivation in engaging in physical activity as for “physical wellness,” “psychological well-being,” and “sexual attractiveness and confidence in relationship.” A higher level of AA, a lower level of self-compassion, and a higher perceived benefit of exercising during lockdown were all significant predictors for the presence of EA. Our findings suggest that the fear of getting sick from Covid-19, combined with radical changes in the lifestyles induced by the lockdown and individual personological characteristics, can favor the development of EA and related phenomena in the general population.

KW - Appearance anxiety

KW - Covid-19

KW - Exercise addiction

KW - Performance and image enhancing drugs

KW - Self-compassion

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85128458328&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11469-022-00815-z

DO - 10.1007/s11469-022-00815-z

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85128458328

JO - International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

JF - International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

SN - 1557-1874

ER -