University of Hertfordshire

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By the same authors

Prescription drugs misuse in “clubbers” and disco goers in Ibiza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Standard

Prescription drugs misuse in “clubbers” and disco goers in Ibiza. / di Giannantonio, Massimo; Negri, Attilio; Schiavone, Stefania; Vannini, Chiara; Pettorruso, Mauro; Di Giorgio, Fabio; Verrastro, Valeria; Trabace, Luigia; Corbo, Mariangela; Gottardo, Rossella ; Camuto, Cristian; Mazzarino, Monica; Barra, Andrea; De Berardis, Domenico; Iglesias Lopez, Juan; Merino del Villar, Cristina; Schifano, Fabrizio; Martinotti, Giovanni.

In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, Vol. 11, 592594, 15.12.2020, p. 592594.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

di Giannantonio, M, Negri, A, Schiavone, S, Vannini, C, Pettorruso, M, Di Giorgio, F, Verrastro, V, Trabace, L, Corbo, M, Gottardo, R, Camuto, C, Mazzarino, M, Barra, A, De Berardis, D, Iglesias Lopez, J, Merino del Villar, C, Schifano, F & Martinotti, G 2020, 'Prescription drugs misuse in “clubbers” and disco goers in Ibiza', Frontiers in Psychiatry, vol. 11, 592594, pp. 592594. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.592594, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.592594

APA

di Giannantonio, M., Negri, A., Schiavone, S., Vannini, C., Pettorruso, M., Di Giorgio, F., Verrastro, V., Trabace, L., Corbo, M., Gottardo, R., Camuto, C., Mazzarino, M., Barra, A., De Berardis, D., Iglesias Lopez, J., Merino del Villar, C., Schifano, F., & Martinotti, G. (2020). Prescription drugs misuse in “clubbers” and disco goers in Ibiza. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 592594. [592594]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.592594, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.592594

Vancouver

di Giannantonio M, Negri A, Schiavone S, Vannini C, Pettorruso M, Di Giorgio F et al. Prescription drugs misuse in “clubbers” and disco goers in Ibiza. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2020 Dec 15;11:592594. 592594. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.592594, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.592594

Author

di Giannantonio, Massimo ; Negri, Attilio ; Schiavone, Stefania ; Vannini, Chiara ; Pettorruso, Mauro ; Di Giorgio, Fabio ; Verrastro, Valeria ; Trabace, Luigia ; Corbo, Mariangela ; Gottardo, Rossella ; Camuto, Cristian ; Mazzarino, Monica ; Barra, Andrea ; De Berardis, Domenico ; Iglesias Lopez, Juan ; Merino del Villar, Cristina ; Schifano, Fabrizio ; Martinotti, Giovanni. / Prescription drugs misuse in “clubbers” and disco goers in Ibiza. In: Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2020 ; Vol. 11. pp. 592594.

Bibtex

@article{3d1f6c5bcd0a464bab487a0b56001e84,
title = "Prescription drugs misuse in “clubbers” and disco goers in Ibiza",
abstract = "Background: Prescription drugs misuse and its related risks are considered a worldwide public health issue. Current trends show that the extent of such phenomenon may not be limited to subjects with psychiatric disorders, as it also spreads to dance party and nightclub attendees, who often consume prescription drugs in combination with alcohol and psychoactive substances. This study aims to report the sociodemographic data and the psychiatric and clinical features of a sample of clubbers reporting prescription drugs use. Methods: Patients admitted to the psychiatry ward of the Can Misses Hospital in Ibiza were recruited for the study during a span of four consecutive years (2015-2018). The inclusion criteria were age 18-75 years old and the intake of psychoactive substances or more than five alcohol units during the previous 24 hours. Substances use habits, psychopathological features and use of unprescribed pharmaceuticals were investigated. Urine samples were collected and analysed using Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry.Results: A total of 110 subjects with psychoactive substance intoxication were recruited for the study. Among these, 37 (40%) disclosed the use of prescription drugs without medical supervision. The most common compounds were benzodiazepines (66%), antiepileptic drugs (8%), antidepressants (6%), opioids (6%), antipsychotics (6%), stimulants (6%) and Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs, 2%).Prescription drugs misuse was negatively associated with the use of psychodysleptics (Two-tailed Fisher{\textquoteright}s exact test p=0,018,  = -0,262). Conclusions: The use of prescription drugs is also common among clubbers, usually characterised by low propensity to be prescribed benzodiazepines, antipsychotics, or antidepressants. Prescription drugs may be an alternative to classic and novel psychoactive compounds or may be used to tamper and self-medicate the effects determined by the use of substances. Party goers should be adequately informed about possible risks of co-intake of psychoactive substances and prescription drugs to prevent serious medical and psychiatric consequences.",
keywords = "club drugs, novel psychoactive substance (NPS), prescription drugs, psychopathology, substance usage disorders (SUDs)",
author = "{di Giannantonio}, Massimo and Attilio Negri and Stefania Schiavone and Chiara Vannini and Mauro Pettorruso and {Di Giorgio}, Fabio and Valeria Verrastro and Luigia Trabace and Mariangela Corbo and Rossella Gottardo and Cristian Camuto and Monica Mazzarino and Andrea Barra and {De Berardis}, Domenico and {Iglesias Lopez}, Juan and {Merino del Villar}, Cristina and Fabrizio Schifano and Giovanni Martinotti",
note = "Funding Information: This study was partly funded by the European Project entitled Analysis, Knowledge dissemination, Justice implementation and Special Testing of Novel Synthetic Opioids—JUST-2017-AG-DRUG. Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 di Giannantonio, Negri, Schiavone, Vannini, Pettorruso, De-Giorgio, Verrastro, Trabace, Corbo, Gottardo, Camuto, Mazzarino, Barra, De Berardis, Lopez, Del Villar, Schifano and Martinotti. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
month = dec,
day = "15",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyt.2020.592594",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "592594",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychiatry",
issn = "1664-0640",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prescription drugs misuse in “clubbers” and disco goers in Ibiza

AU - di Giannantonio, Massimo

AU - Negri, Attilio

AU - Schiavone, Stefania

AU - Vannini, Chiara

AU - Pettorruso, Mauro

AU - Di Giorgio, Fabio

AU - Verrastro, Valeria

AU - Trabace, Luigia

AU - Corbo, Mariangela

AU - Gottardo, Rossella

AU - Camuto, Cristian

AU - Mazzarino, Monica

AU - Barra, Andrea

AU - De Berardis, Domenico

AU - Iglesias Lopez, Juan

AU - Merino del Villar, Cristina

AU - Schifano, Fabrizio

AU - Martinotti, Giovanni

N1 - Funding Information: This study was partly funded by the European Project entitled Analysis, Knowledge dissemination, Justice implementation and Special Testing of Novel Synthetic Opioids—JUST-2017-AG-DRUG. Publisher Copyright: © Copyright © 2020 di Giannantonio, Negri, Schiavone, Vannini, Pettorruso, De-Giorgio, Verrastro, Trabace, Corbo, Gottardo, Camuto, Mazzarino, Barra, De Berardis, Lopez, Del Villar, Schifano and Martinotti. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2020/12/15

Y1 - 2020/12/15

N2 - Background: Prescription drugs misuse and its related risks are considered a worldwide public health issue. Current trends show that the extent of such phenomenon may not be limited to subjects with psychiatric disorders, as it also spreads to dance party and nightclub attendees, who often consume prescription drugs in combination with alcohol and psychoactive substances. This study aims to report the sociodemographic data and the psychiatric and clinical features of a sample of clubbers reporting prescription drugs use. Methods: Patients admitted to the psychiatry ward of the Can Misses Hospital in Ibiza were recruited for the study during a span of four consecutive years (2015-2018). The inclusion criteria were age 18-75 years old and the intake of psychoactive substances or more than five alcohol units during the previous 24 hours. Substances use habits, psychopathological features and use of unprescribed pharmaceuticals were investigated. Urine samples were collected and analysed using Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry.Results: A total of 110 subjects with psychoactive substance intoxication were recruited for the study. Among these, 37 (40%) disclosed the use of prescription drugs without medical supervision. The most common compounds were benzodiazepines (66%), antiepileptic drugs (8%), antidepressants (6%), opioids (6%), antipsychotics (6%), stimulants (6%) and Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs, 2%).Prescription drugs misuse was negatively associated with the use of psychodysleptics (Two-tailed Fisher’s exact test p=0,018,  = -0,262). Conclusions: The use of prescription drugs is also common among clubbers, usually characterised by low propensity to be prescribed benzodiazepines, antipsychotics, or antidepressants. Prescription drugs may be an alternative to classic and novel psychoactive compounds or may be used to tamper and self-medicate the effects determined by the use of substances. Party goers should be adequately informed about possible risks of co-intake of psychoactive substances and prescription drugs to prevent serious medical and psychiatric consequences.

AB - Background: Prescription drugs misuse and its related risks are considered a worldwide public health issue. Current trends show that the extent of such phenomenon may not be limited to subjects with psychiatric disorders, as it also spreads to dance party and nightclub attendees, who often consume prescription drugs in combination with alcohol and psychoactive substances. This study aims to report the sociodemographic data and the psychiatric and clinical features of a sample of clubbers reporting prescription drugs use. Methods: Patients admitted to the psychiatry ward of the Can Misses Hospital in Ibiza were recruited for the study during a span of four consecutive years (2015-2018). The inclusion criteria were age 18-75 years old and the intake of psychoactive substances or more than five alcohol units during the previous 24 hours. Substances use habits, psychopathological features and use of unprescribed pharmaceuticals were investigated. Urine samples were collected and analysed using Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry.Results: A total of 110 subjects with psychoactive substance intoxication were recruited for the study. Among these, 37 (40%) disclosed the use of prescription drugs without medical supervision. The most common compounds were benzodiazepines (66%), antiepileptic drugs (8%), antidepressants (6%), opioids (6%), antipsychotics (6%), stimulants (6%) and Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs, 2%).Prescription drugs misuse was negatively associated with the use of psychodysleptics (Two-tailed Fisher’s exact test p=0,018,  = -0,262). Conclusions: The use of prescription drugs is also common among clubbers, usually characterised by low propensity to be prescribed benzodiazepines, antipsychotics, or antidepressants. Prescription drugs may be an alternative to classic and novel psychoactive compounds or may be used to tamper and self-medicate the effects determined by the use of substances. Party goers should be adequately informed about possible risks of co-intake of psychoactive substances and prescription drugs to prevent serious medical and psychiatric consequences.

KW - club drugs

KW - novel psychoactive substance (NPS)

KW - prescription drugs

KW - psychopathology

KW - substance usage disorders (SUDs)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85098594208&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.592594

DO - 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.592594

M3 - Article

C2 - 33384628

AN - SCOPUS:85098594208

VL - 11

SP - 592594

JO - Frontiers in Psychiatry

JF - Frontiers in Psychiatry

SN - 1664-0640

M1 - 592594

ER -