University of Hertfordshire

Real Time Detection of Airborne Bioparticles in Antarctica

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Real Time Detection of Airborne Bioparticles in Antarctica. / Crawford, Ian; Gallagher, Martin; Bower, Keith; Choularton, Thomas; Flynn, Michael; Ruske, Simon; Listowski, Constantino; Brough, Neil; Lachlan-Cope, Thomas; Fleming, Zoe; Foot, Virginia; Stanley, Warren.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, Vol. 17, No. 23, 01.12.2017, p. 14291-14307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Crawford, I, Gallagher, M, Bower, K, Choularton, T, Flynn, M, Ruske, S, Listowski, C, Brough, N, Lachlan-Cope, T, Fleming, Z, Foot, V & Stanley, W 2017, 'Real Time Detection of Airborne Bioparticles in Antarctica', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, vol. 17, no. 23, pp. 14291-14307. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2017-421

APA

Crawford, I., Gallagher, M., Bower, K., Choularton, T., Flynn, M., Ruske, S., Listowski, C., Brough, N., Lachlan-Cope, T., Fleming, Z., Foot, V., & Stanley, W. (2017). Real Time Detection of Airborne Bioparticles in Antarctica. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 17(23), 14291-14307. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2017-421

Vancouver

Crawford I, Gallagher M, Bower K, Choularton T, Flynn M, Ruske S et al. Real Time Detection of Airborne Bioparticles in Antarctica. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. 2017 Dec 1;17(23):14291-14307. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2017-421

Author

Crawford, Ian ; Gallagher, Martin ; Bower, Keith ; Choularton, Thomas ; Flynn, Michael ; Ruske, Simon ; Listowski, Constantino ; Brough, Neil ; Lachlan-Cope, Thomas ; Fleming, Zoe ; Foot, Virginia ; Stanley, Warren. / Real Time Detection of Airborne Bioparticles in Antarctica. In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 23. pp. 14291-14307.

Bibtex

@article{3f3010f3ce024546b378728b463dc3b2,
title = "Real Time Detection of Airborne Bioparticles in Antarctica",
abstract = "We demonstrate for the first time, continuous real-time observations of airborne bio-fluorescent aerosols recorded at the British Antarctic Survey's Halley VI Research Station, located on the Brunt ice shelf close to the Weddell Sea coast (Lat. 75°34'59{"}S, Long. 26°10'0{"}W) during Antarctic Summer, 2015. As part of the NERC MAC (Microphysics of Antarctic Clouds) aircraft aerosol cloud interaction project, observations with a real-time Ultraviolet Light Induced Fluorescence (UV-LIF) spectrometer were conducted to quantify airborne biological containing particle concentrations along with dust particles as a function of wind speed and direction over a three week period. Significant, intermittent enhancements of both non- and bio-fluorescent particles were observed to varying degrees in very specific wind directions and during strong wind events. Analysis of the particle UV induced emission spectra, particle sizes and shapes recorded during these events suggest the majority of particles were likely a subset of dust with weak fluorescence emission responses. A minor fraction, however, were clearly primary biological particles that were very strongly fluorescent, with a subset identified as likely being pollen based on comparison with laboratory data obtained using the same instrument. A strong correlation of biofluorescent particles with wind speed was observed in some, but not all, periods. Interestingly the fraction of fluorescent particles to total particle concentration also increased significantly with wind speed during these events. The enhancement in concentrations of these particles could be interpreted as due to re-suspension from the local ice surface but more likely due to emissions from distal sources within Antarctica as well as intercontinental transport. Likely distal sources identified by back trajectory analyses and dispersion modelling were the coastal ice margin zones in Halley Bay consisting of bird colonies with likely associated high bacterial activity together with contributions from exposed ice margin bacterial colonies but also long range transport from the southern coasts of Argentina and Chile. Average total concentrations of total fluorescent aerosols were found to be 1.9 ± 2.6 L-1 over a 3 week period crossing over from November into December, but peak concentrations during intermittent enhancement events could be up to several 10's L-1. The usefulness of the measurement technique for quantification of airborne bioaerosol concentrations, and to understand their dispersion and potential importance for microbial colonisation of Antarctica is highlighted.",
keywords = "bioaerosol, fluorescence detection, bioparticles",
author = "Ian Crawford and Martin Gallagher and Keith Bower and Thomas Choularton and Michael Flynn and Simon Ruske and Constantino Listowski and Neil Brough and Thomas Lachlan-Cope and Zoe Fleming and Virginia Foot and Warren Stanley",
note = "{\textcopyright} Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). ",
year = "2017",
month = dec,
day = "1",
doi = "10.5194/acp-2017-421",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "14291--14307",
journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions",
issn = "1680-7367",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH",
number = "23",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Real Time Detection of Airborne Bioparticles in Antarctica

AU - Crawford, Ian

AU - Gallagher, Martin

AU - Bower, Keith

AU - Choularton, Thomas

AU - Flynn, Michael

AU - Ruske, Simon

AU - Listowski, Constantino

AU - Brough, Neil

AU - Lachlan-Cope, Thomas

AU - Fleming, Zoe

AU - Foot, Virginia

AU - Stanley, Warren

N1 - © Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - We demonstrate for the first time, continuous real-time observations of airborne bio-fluorescent aerosols recorded at the British Antarctic Survey's Halley VI Research Station, located on the Brunt ice shelf close to the Weddell Sea coast (Lat. 75°34'59"S, Long. 26°10'0"W) during Antarctic Summer, 2015. As part of the NERC MAC (Microphysics of Antarctic Clouds) aircraft aerosol cloud interaction project, observations with a real-time Ultraviolet Light Induced Fluorescence (UV-LIF) spectrometer were conducted to quantify airborne biological containing particle concentrations along with dust particles as a function of wind speed and direction over a three week period. Significant, intermittent enhancements of both non- and bio-fluorescent particles were observed to varying degrees in very specific wind directions and during strong wind events. Analysis of the particle UV induced emission spectra, particle sizes and shapes recorded during these events suggest the majority of particles were likely a subset of dust with weak fluorescence emission responses. A minor fraction, however, were clearly primary biological particles that were very strongly fluorescent, with a subset identified as likely being pollen based on comparison with laboratory data obtained using the same instrument. A strong correlation of biofluorescent particles with wind speed was observed in some, but not all, periods. Interestingly the fraction of fluorescent particles to total particle concentration also increased significantly with wind speed during these events. The enhancement in concentrations of these particles could be interpreted as due to re-suspension from the local ice surface but more likely due to emissions from distal sources within Antarctica as well as intercontinental transport. Likely distal sources identified by back trajectory analyses and dispersion modelling were the coastal ice margin zones in Halley Bay consisting of bird colonies with likely associated high bacterial activity together with contributions from exposed ice margin bacterial colonies but also long range transport from the southern coasts of Argentina and Chile. Average total concentrations of total fluorescent aerosols were found to be 1.9 ± 2.6 L-1 over a 3 week period crossing over from November into December, but peak concentrations during intermittent enhancement events could be up to several 10's L-1. The usefulness of the measurement technique for quantification of airborne bioaerosol concentrations, and to understand their dispersion and potential importance for microbial colonisation of Antarctica is highlighted.

AB - We demonstrate for the first time, continuous real-time observations of airborne bio-fluorescent aerosols recorded at the British Antarctic Survey's Halley VI Research Station, located on the Brunt ice shelf close to the Weddell Sea coast (Lat. 75°34'59"S, Long. 26°10'0"W) during Antarctic Summer, 2015. As part of the NERC MAC (Microphysics of Antarctic Clouds) aircraft aerosol cloud interaction project, observations with a real-time Ultraviolet Light Induced Fluorescence (UV-LIF) spectrometer were conducted to quantify airborne biological containing particle concentrations along with dust particles as a function of wind speed and direction over a three week period. Significant, intermittent enhancements of both non- and bio-fluorescent particles were observed to varying degrees in very specific wind directions and during strong wind events. Analysis of the particle UV induced emission spectra, particle sizes and shapes recorded during these events suggest the majority of particles were likely a subset of dust with weak fluorescence emission responses. A minor fraction, however, were clearly primary biological particles that were very strongly fluorescent, with a subset identified as likely being pollen based on comparison with laboratory data obtained using the same instrument. A strong correlation of biofluorescent particles with wind speed was observed in some, but not all, periods. Interestingly the fraction of fluorescent particles to total particle concentration also increased significantly with wind speed during these events. The enhancement in concentrations of these particles could be interpreted as due to re-suspension from the local ice surface but more likely due to emissions from distal sources within Antarctica as well as intercontinental transport. Likely distal sources identified by back trajectory analyses and dispersion modelling were the coastal ice margin zones in Halley Bay consisting of bird colonies with likely associated high bacterial activity together with contributions from exposed ice margin bacterial colonies but also long range transport from the southern coasts of Argentina and Chile. Average total concentrations of total fluorescent aerosols were found to be 1.9 ± 2.6 L-1 over a 3 week period crossing over from November into December, but peak concentrations during intermittent enhancement events could be up to several 10's L-1. The usefulness of the measurement technique for quantification of airborne bioaerosol concentrations, and to understand their dispersion and potential importance for microbial colonisation of Antarctica is highlighted.

KW - bioaerosol

KW - fluorescence detection

KW - bioparticles

U2 - 10.5194/acp-2017-421

DO - 10.5194/acp-2017-421

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 14291

EP - 14307

JO - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions

JF - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions

SN - 1680-7367

IS - 23

ER -