University of Hertfordshire

From the same journal

  • Philippe Ouellet
  • Simon Lafrance
  • Andrea Pizzi
  • Jean-Sebastien Roy
  • Jeremy Lewis
  • David Høyrup Christiansen
  • Blaise Dubois
  • Pierre Langevin
  • François Desmeules
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2201-2218
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume102
Issue11
Early online date5 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021

Abstract

Objective To compare the efficacy of region-specific exercises to general exercises approaches for adults with spinal or peripheral musculoskeletal disorders (MSKDs). Data Sources Electronic searches were conducted up to April 2020 in Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health. Study Selection Randomized control trials (RCTs) on the efficacy of region-specific exercises compared to general exercises approaches for adults with various MSKDs. Data Extraction Mean differences and standardized mean differences were calculated using random-effects inverse variance modeling. Eighteen RCTs (n=1719) were included. Cohorts were composed of participants with chronic neck (n=313) or low back disorders (n=1096) and knee osteoarthritis (OA) (n=310). Data Synthesis Based on low-quality evidence in the short-term and very low-quality in the mid- and long-term, there were no statistically significant differences between region-specific and general exercises in terms of pain and disability reductions for adults with spinal disorders or knee OA. Secondary analyses for pain reduction in the short-term for neck or low back disorders did not report any statistically significant differences according to very low- to low-quality of evidence. Conclusions The difference in treatment effect remains uncertain between region-specific and general exercises approaches. Based on very low- to low-quality evidence, there appear to have no differences between both types of exercise approaches for pain reduction or disability for adults with spinal disorders. Future trials may change the current conclusions. More evidence is needed for region-specific exercises compared to general exercises for other peripheral MSKDs including knee OA.

Notes

© 2021 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of The American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.

ID: 26261697