University of Hertfordshire

Rotary Fatigue Testing Machine to Determine the Fatigue Life of NiTi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

  • André Carvalho
  • Manuel Freitas
  • Luís Reis
  • Diogo Montalvão
  • Manuel Fonte
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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of XXXII CEFIE/GEF - Congreso Español de Fractura e Integridad Estructural, Encuentro del Grupo Español de Fractura
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015
EventXXXII CEFIE/GEF - Congreso Español de Fractura e Integridad Estructural, Encuentro del Grupo Español de Fractura - Escuela Politécnica Superior de Zamora (Campus Viriato), Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain
Duration: 27 Apr 201529 Apr 2015

Conference

ConferenceXXXII CEFIE/GEF - Congreso Español de Fractura e Integridad Estructural, Encuentro del Grupo Español de Fractura
CountrySpain
CitySalamanca
Period27/04/1529/04/15

Abstract

Endodontic rotary file instruments used to treat root canals in dentistry suffered breakthrough transformations in recent years when stainless steel was replaced by Nickel-Titanium (NiTi). NiTi alloys used in Endodontics possess superelastic properties at body temperature (37ºC) that bring many advantages on the overall performance of the root-canal treatment. They can follow curved root canals more easily than stainless steel instruments and have been reported to be more effective in the removal of the inflamed pulp tissue and protection of the tooth structure. However, these instruments eventually fracture under cyclic bending loading due to fatigue, without any visible signals of degradation to the practitioner. This problem brought new challenges on how new instruments should be tested, as NiTi alloys are highly non-linear and present a large hysteresis cycle in the Elastic domain. Current existing standards are only available for Stainless Steel testing. Thus, many authors have attempted to design systems that can test NiTi endodontic files under fatigue loads. However, no approach has been universally adopted by the community yet, as in most cases they are based on empirical set ups.

Following a more systematic approach, this work presents the results of rotary fatigue tests for several NiTi wires from different manufacturers (MemryTM and EuroflexTM) and with different diameters. The tests were done on a versatile fully automatic rotary bending testing machine. The formulation is also presented, where the material strength reduction can be quantified from the determination of the strain and the number of cycles until failure.

ID: 8337825