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The relationship between sensory sensitivity, food fussiness and food preferences in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. / Smith, Bobbie; Rogers, Samantha; Blissett, Jacqueline; Ludlow, Amanda.

In: Appetite, Vol. 150, 104643, 01.07.2020.

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@article{592bc70990664fe0a5c26f17f81b5aa4,
title = "The relationship between sensory sensitivity, food fussiness and food preferences in children with neurodevelopmental disorders",
abstract = "Heightened sensitivity to sensory information has been associated with food fussiness in both atypical and typical development. Despite food fussiness and sensory dysfunction being reported as common concerns for children with neurodevelopmental disorders, the relationship that exists between them, and whether they differ between disorders, has yet to be established. The current study aimed to examine sensory sensitivity as a predictor of food fussiness in three different neurodevelopmental disorders, whilst controlling for comorbidity amongst these disorders. Ninety-eight caregivers of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; n = 17), Tourette Syndrome (TS; n = 27), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; n = 27), and typical development (TD; n = 27) were compared using parental reports of child food fussiness, food preferences and sensory sensitivity. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders were reported to have significantly higher levels of both food fussiness and sensory sensitivity, with children with ASD and TS also showing significantly less preference for fruit than children with TD. Importantly, higher levels of taste/smell sensitivity predicted food fussiness for all four groups of children. In addition, taste/smell sensitivity fully mediated the differences in food fussiness between each group of neurodevelopmental disorders compared to the TD group. The findings highlight that food fussiness is similar across these neurodevelopmental disorders despite accounting for comorbidity, and that greater sensitivity to taste/smell may explain why children with neurodevelopmental disorders are more likely to be fussy eaters.",
keywords = "Attention deficit hyperactive disorder, Autism spectrum disorder, Food fussiness, Sensory sensitivity, Tourette syndrome",
author = "Bobbie Smith and Samantha Rogers and Jacqueline Blissett and Amanda Ludlow",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.appet.2020.104643",
language = "English",
volume = "150",
journal = "Appetite",
issn = "0195-6663",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The relationship between sensory sensitivity, food fussiness and food preferences in children with neurodevelopmental disorders

AU - Smith, Bobbie

AU - Rogers, Samantha

AU - Blissett, Jacqueline

AU - Ludlow, Amanda

PY - 2020/7/1

Y1 - 2020/7/1

N2 - Heightened sensitivity to sensory information has been associated with food fussiness in both atypical and typical development. Despite food fussiness and sensory dysfunction being reported as common concerns for children with neurodevelopmental disorders, the relationship that exists between them, and whether they differ between disorders, has yet to be established. The current study aimed to examine sensory sensitivity as a predictor of food fussiness in three different neurodevelopmental disorders, whilst controlling for comorbidity amongst these disorders. Ninety-eight caregivers of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; n = 17), Tourette Syndrome (TS; n = 27), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; n = 27), and typical development (TD; n = 27) were compared using parental reports of child food fussiness, food preferences and sensory sensitivity. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders were reported to have significantly higher levels of both food fussiness and sensory sensitivity, with children with ASD and TS also showing significantly less preference for fruit than children with TD. Importantly, higher levels of taste/smell sensitivity predicted food fussiness for all four groups of children. In addition, taste/smell sensitivity fully mediated the differences in food fussiness between each group of neurodevelopmental disorders compared to the TD group. The findings highlight that food fussiness is similar across these neurodevelopmental disorders despite accounting for comorbidity, and that greater sensitivity to taste/smell may explain why children with neurodevelopmental disorders are more likely to be fussy eaters.

AB - Heightened sensitivity to sensory information has been associated with food fussiness in both atypical and typical development. Despite food fussiness and sensory dysfunction being reported as common concerns for children with neurodevelopmental disorders, the relationship that exists between them, and whether they differ between disorders, has yet to be established. The current study aimed to examine sensory sensitivity as a predictor of food fussiness in three different neurodevelopmental disorders, whilst controlling for comorbidity amongst these disorders. Ninety-eight caregivers of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; n = 17), Tourette Syndrome (TS; n = 27), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; n = 27), and typical development (TD; n = 27) were compared using parental reports of child food fussiness, food preferences and sensory sensitivity. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders were reported to have significantly higher levels of both food fussiness and sensory sensitivity, with children with ASD and TS also showing significantly less preference for fruit than children with TD. Importantly, higher levels of taste/smell sensitivity predicted food fussiness for all four groups of children. In addition, taste/smell sensitivity fully mediated the differences in food fussiness between each group of neurodevelopmental disorders compared to the TD group. The findings highlight that food fussiness is similar across these neurodevelopmental disorders despite accounting for comorbidity, and that greater sensitivity to taste/smell may explain why children with neurodevelopmental disorders are more likely to be fussy eaters.

KW - Attention deficit hyperactive disorder

KW - Autism spectrum disorder

KW - Food fussiness

KW - Sensory sensitivity

KW - Tourette syndrome

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85080030861&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.appet.2020.104643

DO - 10.1016/j.appet.2020.104643

M3 - Article

VL - 150

JO - Appetite

JF - Appetite

SN - 0195-6663

M1 - 104643

ER -