University of Hertfordshire

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-60
Number of pages4
JournalConstructivist Foundations
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2020


We formulate a critique of the Future State Maximization (FSX) umbrella term and its connection to von Foerster's Ethical Imperative by considering the relationship between Empowerment and other principles that the target article relates under the same heading. We furthermore draw on the wide body of existing Empowerment research to substantiate but also contradict some of the claims made.


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