University of Hertfordshire

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By the same authors

The size, burden and cost of disorders of the brain in the UK

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Naomi Fineberg
  • Peter M. Haddad
  • Lewis Carpenter
  • Brenda Gannon
  • Rachel Sharpe
  • Allan H. Young
  • Eileen Joyce
  • James Rowe
  • D. Wellsted
  • David J. Nutt
  • Barbara J. Sahakian
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-70
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Psychopharmacology
Early online date24 Jul 2013
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013


Aim: The aim of this paper is to increase awareness of the prevalence and cost of psychiatric and neurological disorders (brain disorders) in the UK. Method: UK data for 18 brain disorders were extracted from a systematic review of European epidemiological data and prevalence rates and the costs of each disorder were summarized (2010 values). Results: There were approximately 45 million cases of brain disorders in the UK, with a cost of €134 billion per annum. The most prevalent were headache, anxiety disorders, sleep disorders, mood disorders and somatoform disorders. However, the five most costly disorders (€ million) were: dementia: €22,164; psychotic disorders: €16,717; mood disorders: €19,238; addiction: €11,719; anxiety disorders: €11,687. Apart from psychosis, these five disorders ranked amongst those with the lowest direct medical expenditure per subject (

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