University of Hertfordshire

By the same authors

Warmth and Competence to Predict Human Preference of Robot Behavior in Physical Human-Robot Interaction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

View graph of relations
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication29th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN)
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781728160757
ISBN (Print)9781728160764
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2020


A solid methodology to understand human perception and preferences in human-robot interaction (HRI) is crucial in designing real-world HRI. Social cognition posits that the dimensions Warmth and Competence are central and universal dimensions characterizing other humans. The Robotic Social Attribute Scale (RoSAS) proposes items for those dimensions suitable for HRI and validated them in a visual observation study. In this paper we complement the validation by showing the usability of these dimensions in a behavior based, physical HRI study with a fully autonomous robot. We compare the findings with the popular Godspeed dimensions Animacy, Anthropomorphism, Likeability, Perceived Intelligence and Perceived Safety. We found that Warmth and Competence, among all RoSAS and Godspeed dimensions, are the most important predictors for human preferences between different robot behaviors. This predictive power holds even when there is no clear consensus preference or significant factor difference between conditions.


© 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

Research outputs

ID: 22412821