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Zr 92 (n,γ) and (n,tot) measurements at the GELINA and n_TOF facilities

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Zr 92 (n,γ) and (n,tot) measurements at the GELINA and n_TOF facilities. / n_TOF Collaboration.

In: Physical Review C, Vol. 105, No. 2, 025805, 24.02.2022.

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@article{945bdc38d29f4ab69e336f105ccb52c1,
title = "Zr 92 (n,γ) and (n,tot) measurements at the GELINA and n_TOF facilities",
abstract = "Background: Stellar nucleosynthesis of elements heavier than iron is driven by neutron capture processes. Zr92 is positioned at a strategic point along the slow nucleosynthesis path, given its proximity to the neutron magic number N=50 and its position at the matching region between the weak and main slow processes. Purpose: In parallel with recent improved astronomical data, the extraction of accurate Maxwellian averaged cross sections (MACSs) derived from a more complete and accurate set of resonance parameters should allow for a better understanding of the stellar conditions at which nucleosynthesis takes place. Methods: Transmission and capture cross section measurements using enriched Zr92 metallic samples were performed at the time-of flight facilities GELINA of JRC-Geel (BE) and n_TOF of CERN (CH). The neutron beam passing through the samples was investigated in transmission measurements at GELINA using a Li-glass scintillator. The ? rays emitted during the neutron capture reactions were detected by C6D6 detectors at both GELINA and n_TOF. Results: Resonance parameters of individual resonances up to 81 keV were extracted from a combined resonance shape analysis of experimental transmissions and capture yields. For the majority of the resonances the parity was determined from an analysis of the transmission data obtained with different sample thicknesses. Average resonance parameters were calculated. Conclusions: Maxwellian averaged cross sections were extracted from resonances observed up to 81 keV. The MACS for kT=30keV is fully consistent with experimental data reported in the literature. The MACSs for kT?15keV are in good agreement with those derived from the ENDF/B-VIII.0 library and recommended in the KADoNiS database. For kT higher than 30 keV differences are observed. A comparison with MACSs obtained with the cross sections recommended in the JEFF-3.3 and JENDL-4.0 libraries shows discrepancies even for kT?15keV. ",
author = "{n_TOF Collaboration} and G. Tagliente and S. Kopecky and J. Heyse and M. Krticka and C. Massimi and A. Mengoni and Milazzo, {P. M.} and Plompen, {A. J.M.} and P. Schillebeeckx and S. Valenta and R. Wynants and S. Altstadt and J. Andrzejewski and L. Audouin and V. B{\'e}cares and M. Barbagallo and F. Becv{\'a}r and F. Belloni and E. Berthoumieux and J. Billowes and V. Boccone and D. Bosnar and M. Brugger and F. Calvi{\~n}o and M. Calviani and D. Cano-Ott and C. Carrapi{\c c}o and F. Cerutti and E. Chiaveri and M. Chin and N. Colonna and G. Cort{\'e}s and Cort{\'e}s-Giraldo, {M. A.} and S. Cristallo and M. Diakaki and C. Domingo-Pardo and R. Dressler and I. Dur{\'a}n and C. Eleftheriadis and A. Ferrari and K. Fraval and V. Furman and K. G{\"o}bel and G{\'o}mez-Hornillos, {M. B.} and S. Ganesan and Garc{\'i}a, {A. R.} and G. Giubrone and Gon{\c c}alves, {I. F.} and E. Gonz{\'a}lez-Romero and T. Rauscher",
note = "Funding Information: We are indebted to the anonymous referees for a careful reading of the manuscript and constructive remarks. This research was funded by the European Community Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2011 under the Project CHANDA (Grant No. 605203), by the European Commission within HORIZON2020 via the EURATOM project EUFRAT for transnational access and by the funding agencies of the participating institutes. Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.",
year = "2022",
month = feb,
day = "24",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevC.105.025805",
language = "English",
volume = "105",
journal = "Physical Review C",
issn = "2469-9985",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Zr 92 (n,γ) and (n,tot) measurements at the GELINA and n_TOF facilities

AU - n_TOF Collaboration

AU - Tagliente, G.

AU - Kopecky, S.

AU - Heyse, J.

AU - Krticka, M.

AU - Massimi, C.

AU - Mengoni, A.

AU - Milazzo, P. M.

AU - Plompen, A. J.M.

AU - Schillebeeckx, P.

AU - Valenta, S.

AU - Wynants, R.

AU - Altstadt, S.

AU - Andrzejewski, J.

AU - Audouin, L.

AU - Bécares, V.

AU - Barbagallo, M.

AU - Becvár, F.

AU - Belloni, F.

AU - Berthoumieux, E.

AU - Billowes, J.

AU - Boccone, V.

AU - Bosnar, D.

AU - Brugger, M.

AU - Calviño, F.

AU - Calviani, M.

AU - Cano-Ott, D.

AU - Carrapiço, C.

AU - Cerutti, F.

AU - Chiaveri, E.

AU - Chin, M.

AU - Colonna, N.

AU - Cortés, G.

AU - Cortés-Giraldo, M. A.

AU - Cristallo, S.

AU - Diakaki, M.

AU - Domingo-Pardo, C.

AU - Dressler, R.

AU - Durán, I.

AU - Eleftheriadis, C.

AU - Ferrari, A.

AU - Fraval, K.

AU - Furman, V.

AU - Göbel, K.

AU - Gómez-Hornillos, M. B.

AU - Ganesan, S.

AU - García, A. R.

AU - Giubrone, G.

AU - Gonçalves, I. F.

AU - González-Romero, E.

AU - Rauscher, T.

N1 - Funding Information: We are indebted to the anonymous referees for a careful reading of the manuscript and constructive remarks. This research was funded by the European Community Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2011 under the Project CHANDA (Grant No. 605203), by the European Commission within HORIZON2020 via the EURATOM project EUFRAT for transnational access and by the funding agencies of the participating institutes. Publisher Copyright: © 2022 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

PY - 2022/2/24

Y1 - 2022/2/24

N2 - Background: Stellar nucleosynthesis of elements heavier than iron is driven by neutron capture processes. Zr92 is positioned at a strategic point along the slow nucleosynthesis path, given its proximity to the neutron magic number N=50 and its position at the matching region between the weak and main slow processes. Purpose: In parallel with recent improved astronomical data, the extraction of accurate Maxwellian averaged cross sections (MACSs) derived from a more complete and accurate set of resonance parameters should allow for a better understanding of the stellar conditions at which nucleosynthesis takes place. Methods: Transmission and capture cross section measurements using enriched Zr92 metallic samples were performed at the time-of flight facilities GELINA of JRC-Geel (BE) and n_TOF of CERN (CH). The neutron beam passing through the samples was investigated in transmission measurements at GELINA using a Li-glass scintillator. The ? rays emitted during the neutron capture reactions were detected by C6D6 detectors at both GELINA and n_TOF. Results: Resonance parameters of individual resonances up to 81 keV were extracted from a combined resonance shape analysis of experimental transmissions and capture yields. For the majority of the resonances the parity was determined from an analysis of the transmission data obtained with different sample thicknesses. Average resonance parameters were calculated. Conclusions: Maxwellian averaged cross sections were extracted from resonances observed up to 81 keV. The MACS for kT=30keV is fully consistent with experimental data reported in the literature. The MACSs for kT?15keV are in good agreement with those derived from the ENDF/B-VIII.0 library and recommended in the KADoNiS database. For kT higher than 30 keV differences are observed. A comparison with MACSs obtained with the cross sections recommended in the JEFF-3.3 and JENDL-4.0 libraries shows discrepancies even for kT?15keV.

AB - Background: Stellar nucleosynthesis of elements heavier than iron is driven by neutron capture processes. Zr92 is positioned at a strategic point along the slow nucleosynthesis path, given its proximity to the neutron magic number N=50 and its position at the matching region between the weak and main slow processes. Purpose: In parallel with recent improved astronomical data, the extraction of accurate Maxwellian averaged cross sections (MACSs) derived from a more complete and accurate set of resonance parameters should allow for a better understanding of the stellar conditions at which nucleosynthesis takes place. Methods: Transmission and capture cross section measurements using enriched Zr92 metallic samples were performed at the time-of flight facilities GELINA of JRC-Geel (BE) and n_TOF of CERN (CH). The neutron beam passing through the samples was investigated in transmission measurements at GELINA using a Li-glass scintillator. The ? rays emitted during the neutron capture reactions were detected by C6D6 detectors at both GELINA and n_TOF. Results: Resonance parameters of individual resonances up to 81 keV were extracted from a combined resonance shape analysis of experimental transmissions and capture yields. For the majority of the resonances the parity was determined from an analysis of the transmission data obtained with different sample thicknesses. Average resonance parameters were calculated. Conclusions: Maxwellian averaged cross sections were extracted from resonances observed up to 81 keV. The MACS for kT=30keV is fully consistent with experimental data reported in the literature. The MACSs for kT?15keV are in good agreement with those derived from the ENDF/B-VIII.0 library and recommended in the KADoNiS database. For kT higher than 30 keV differences are observed. A comparison with MACSs obtained with the cross sections recommended in the JEFF-3.3 and JENDL-4.0 libraries shows discrepancies even for kT?15keV.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85126057037&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevC.105.025805

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevC.105.025805

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85126057037

VL - 105

JO - Physical Review C

JF - Physical Review C

SN - 2469-9985

IS - 2

M1 - 025805

ER -